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Chapter 6: The Triangles and its Properties

Exercise 6.1

Question 1:

In Δ ABC, X is the midpoint of BC.

AP is _____________

AX is _____________

Is BP = PC?

1

Answer:

Given:

BX = XC

Therefore, AP is altitude.

AX is a median.

No, BP ≠ PC as X is the midpoint of BC

 

Question 2:

Draw a sketch for the following:

(i) In Δ PQR, QX is a median

(ii) In Δ ABC, AB and AC are altitudes of a triangle.

(iii) In ABC, BP is an altitude in the exterior of a triangle.

Answer:

(i) Here, QX is a median in ΔPQR and PX = XR

2

(ii) Here, AB and AC are the altitudes of the ΔABC and CA ^ BA

3

(iii) BP is an altitude in the exterior of ΔABC

4

Question 3:

Verify by drawing a diagram if the median and altitude of a isosceles triangle can be same.

Answer:

Isosceles triangle means any two sides are same.

Take ΔPQR and draw the median when PQ= PR

PX is the median and altitude of the given triangle.

5

 

Exercise 6.2

Question 1:

Find the value of the unknown exterior angle a in the following diagrams:

6

Answers:

Since the exterior angle = sum of the interior opposite angles, then

(a) a = 500 + 70 = 1200

(b) a = 650 + 450 = 1100

( c) a = 300 + 400 = 700

(d ) a = 60 + 60= 1200

(E) a = 50 + 50= 1000

(F) a = 60+ 30= 900

 

Question 2:

Find the value of the unknown interior angle a in the following figures:

7

Answers:

Since the exterior angle = sum of the interior opposite angles, then

(a) a + 50o = 115o    =>  a = 115o – 50 o = 65 o

(b) 70 o  + a = 100o  => a = 100o – 70o = 30o

( c) a + 90o = 125o  => a = 120 o – 90 o = 35 o

(d) 60 o  + a = 120 o  => a = 120 o – 60 o  = 60 o

(e) 30 o  + a = 80 o  => a = 80 o +30 o = 50 o

(f) a + 35 o = 75 o   => a = 75 o – 35 o = 40 o

 

Exercise 6.3

Question 1:

Find the value of the unknown a in the following given diagrams.

8

Answers:

(a) In \(\Delta\) PQR

\(\angle\) QPR + \(\angle\) PRQ + \(\angle\) PQR = 180o [ By angle sum property of a triangle]

=> a + 50o + 60o = 180o

=> a + 110o = 180o

=> a = 180o – 110 = 70o

(b) In \(\Delta\) ABC,

\(\angle\) CAB + \(\angle\) ABC + \(\angle\) CAB = 90o [ By angle sum property of a triangle]

=> 90o + 30o + a = 180o

=> a + 120= 180o

=> a = 180o – 120o = 60o

(c ) In \(\Delta\) ABC ,

\(\angle\) CAB + \(\angle\) ABC + \(\angle\) BCA = 180o [ By angle of sum property of a triangle]

=> 30 + 110+ a  = 180o

=> a + 140o = 180o

=> a = 180– 140O = 40O

(d) In the given isosceles triangle,

a + a + 50o = 180o

=> 2a + 50 = 180o

=> 2a = 180o – 50o

=> 2a = 130o

=> \(a = \frac{130^{\circ}}{2}\) = 65o

(e) In the given equilateral triangle,

a + a + a = 180o                                              [ By angle sum property of a triangle]

=> 3 a = 180o

=> \(a = \frac{180^{\circ}}{3}\) = 60o

(f) In the given right angled triangle,

a + 2a + 90o = 180o      [ By the angle sum property of a triangle]

=> 3a + 90o = 180o

=> 3a = 180o – 90o

=> 3a = 90o

=> \(a = \frac{90^{\circ}}{3}\) = 30o

 

Question 2

Find the values a and b in the following diagrams that are given below:

9

Answers:

(a) 50+ a = 120o                                 [Exterior angle property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> a = 120 o – 50 o = 70 o

Now, 50 o + a + b = 180 o                               [Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 50 o + 70 o + b = 180 o

=> 120 o + b = 180 o

=> b = 180 o – 120 o = 60 o

(b) b = 80 o – – – – – – – – – – – (1)                         [ Vertically opposite angle]

Now, 50 o + a + b = 180 o                     [ Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 50 o + 80 o + b = 180 o                      [From equation (1) ]

=> 130 o + b = 180 o

=> b = 180 o – 130 o = 50 o

( c) 50 o + 60 o = a                               [Exterior angle property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> a = 110 o

Now, 50 o + 60 o + b = 180 o                  [Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 110 o + b = 180 o

=> b = 180 o – 110 o

=> b = 70 o

(d) a = 60 o   – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – (1)             [ Vertically opposite angle]

Now, 30 o + a + b = 180 o                                 [ Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 50 o + 60 o + b = 180 o                                  [From equation (1) ]

=> 90 o + b = 180 o

=> b = 180 o – 90 o = 90 o

(e) b = 90 o – – – – – – – – – – – – – (1)                    [ Vertically opposite angle]

Now, b + a + a = 180 o                                                 [ Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 90 o + 2a = 180                                          [From equation (1) ]

=> 2a = 180 o – 90 o

=> 2a = 90 o

=> \(a=\frac{90^{\circ}}{2}\) = 45o

(f) a = b – – – – – – – – – – – (1)                             [ Vertically opposite angle]

Now, a + a + b = 180 o                                                 [ Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 2a + a = 180 o                                             [From equation (1) ]

=> 3a = 180 o

=> \(a=\frac{180^{\circ}}{3}\) = 60o

 

Exercise 6.4

Question 1:

Is it possible to have a triangle with the following sides?

(a) 2cm, 3cm 5cm

(b) 3cm, 6cm, 7cm

(c) 6cm, 3cm, 2cm

Answer:

Since the triangle is possible having its sum of the lengths of any two sides would be greater than that length of the third side.

(a) 2cm , 3cm 5cm

2 + 3 > 5          No

2 + 5 > 3          Yes

3 + 5 > 2          Yes

This triangle is not possible.

(b) 3cm, 6cm and 7cm

3 +  6> 7         Yes

6 + 7 > 3          Yes

3 + 7 > 6          Yes

This triangle is possible.

( c) 6cm, 3cm and 2cm

6 + 3 > 2          Yes

6 + 2 > 3          Yes

2 + 3 > 6          No

This triangle is not possible.

 

Question 2:

Take any point P in the interior of a triangle ABC is:

(a) PA + PB > AB?

(b) PB + PC > BC?

(C ) PC + PA > CA?

10

Answers:

Join PC, PB and PA

(a) Is PA + PB > AB?

Yes, APB forms a triangle.

(b) Is PB + PC > BC?

Yes, CBP forms a triangle.

( c) Is PC + PA > CA?

Yes, CPA forms a triangle.

 

Question 3:

PO is a median of a triangle PQR. Is PQ + QR + RP > 2PO? (Consider the sides of a triangle as \(\Delta\) PQO and \(\Delta\) POR )

11

Answer:

Since, the sum of the lengths of any two sides in a triangle should be greater than the length of the third side.

Therefore,

In \(\Delta\) PQO, PQ + QO > PO – – – – – – – – – – (1)

In \(\Delta\) POR, PR + OQ > PO – – – – – – – – – – – (2)

Adding equation (1) and (2) we get,

PQ + PO + PR + OR > PO + PO

=> PQ + PR + ( QO + OR ) > 2PO

=> PQ + PR + QR > 2 PO

Hence, it is true.

 

Question 4:

PQRS is a quadrilateral. Is PQ + QR + RS + RP > PR + QS ?

12

Answer:

Since, the sum of lengths of any two sides in a triangle should be greater than the length of the third side.

13

Therefore,

In \(\Delta\) PQR, PQ + QR > PR – – – – – – – – – – (1)

In \(\Delta\) PSR, PS + SR > PR – – – – – – – – – (2)

In \(\Delta\) SRQ, SR + RQ > SQ – – – – – – – – – (3)

In \(\Delta\) PSQ, PS + PQ > SQ – – – – – – – – – – (4)

Adding the equations (1) , (2) , (3) and (4) we get,

PQ + QR + PS + SR + RQ + PS + PQ > PS + PS + SQ + SQ

=>( PQ + PQ ) + ( QR + QR ) + ( PS + PS ) + ( SR + SR ) > 2 PR + 2 SQ

=> 2 PQ + 2 QR + 2 PS + 2 SR > 2 PR + 2 SQ

=> 2 ( PQ + QR + PS + SR) > 2 ( PR + SQ )

=> PQ + QR + PS + SR > PR + SQ

=> PQ + QR + RS + SP > PR + SQ

Hence, it is true.

 

Question 5:

PQRS is a quadrilateral. Is PQ + QR + RS + SA < 2 (PR + QS)?

Answer:

Since the sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle should be greater than the length of the third side.

14

Therefore,

In \(\Delta\) PXQ, PQ < XP + XQ – – – – – – – – – – (1)

In \(\Delta\) QXR, QR < XQ + XR – – – – – – – – – – – (2)

In \(\Delta\) RXS, RS < XR + XS – – – – – – – – – – – (3)

In \(\Delta\) PXS, SP < XS + XP – – – – – – – – – – (4)

Adding the equations (1) , (2) , (3) and (4) We get,

PQ + QR + RS + SP < XP + XQ + XQ + XR + XR + XS + XS + XP

=> PQ + QR + RS + SP < 2XP + 2 XQ + 2 XR + XS

=> PQ + QR + RS + SP < 2[(PX + XR) + (XS + XQ)]

=> PQ + QR + RS + SP < 2[PR + QS]

Hence it is proved.

 

Question 6:

The lengths of the two sides of a given triangle are 12cm and 15cm respectively. Between what two measures should the length of the third side fall?

Answer:

Since, the sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle should be greater than the length of the third side.

It is given that the two sides of a triangle are 15cm and 12cm.

Therefore, the third side should be less than 15+ 12 = 27cm

Also that, the third side cannot be less than the difference of the other two sides.

Therefore, the third side has to be greater than 15-12 = 3cm.

Hence, the third side could be the length more than 3cm and less than 27cm.

 

 

Exercise. 6.5

Question 1:

 ABC is a right angled triangle with \(\angle B = 90^{\circ}\). If AB = 12mm and BC = 5mm, find AC.

Answer:

15

Here AB = 12mm and BC = 5mm (given)

Assuming AC =  y mm.

\(AC^{2} = AB^{2} + BC^{2}\)In \(\triangle ABC\) by applying Pythagoras theorem, we get

\( y^{2} = 12^{2} + 5^{2}\) \(\ therefore y^{2} = 144 + 25\) \(∴y^{2} = 169\) \(∴ y = \sqrt{169} = 13mm\)

Thus, AC = 13mm

 

Question 2:

XYZ is a right angled triangle with \(\angle Y = 90^{\circ}\). If XZ = 5cm and YZ = 3cm, find XY.

Answer:

Assuming XY =  acm.

16

Here XZ = 5cm and YZ = 3cm (given)

In \(\triangle XYZ\) by applying

Pythagoras theorem, we get

\(XZ^{2} = XY^{2} + YZ^{2}\) \(\ therefore a^{2} = 5^{2} – 3^{2}\) \(\ therefore a^{2} = 25 – 9 \) \(∴ a^{2} = 16\) \(∴ a = \sqrt{16} = 4cm\)

Thus, XY = 4cm

 

Question 3:

A 25cm long stick is rested on a wall at a point 24cm high on the wall. If the stick is at a distance x cm from wall on the ground, find the distance x.

17

Answer:

 18

 

Let PR be the stick and P be the point where the stick touches the wall.

So, it becomes right angled triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\)

In \(\triangle PQR\) by applying Pythagoras theorem, we get

\( x^{2} =25^{2} – 24^{2}\)\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\)

\(\ therefore x^{2} = 625 – 576 \) \(∴x^{2} = 49\) \(∴ x = \sqrt{49} = 7cm\)

Thus, QR = 7cm

 

Question 4:

Which of the given below could be the lengths of the side of a right angled triangle?

  1. 5mm, 1.2mm, .9mm
  2. 3mm, 2mm, 1mm
  3. 1mm, 4mm, 9mm

 

Answer:

19

Assuming that the hypotenuse is the side with largest length so as per Pythagoras Theorem,

\((Hypotenuse)^{2} = (Perpendicular)^{2} + (Base)^{2}\)

5mm, 1.2mm, 0.9mm

Let \(\triangle PQR\) be the right angles triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\).

So, by Pythagoras theorem
\( 1.2^{2} + 0.9^{2} = 2.25\)\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\)

\(∴ 1.5^{2} = 2.25 \)

R.H.S = L.H.S

Therefore, 1.5mm, 1.2mm, 0.9mmare

The lengths of the side of a right angled triangle.

3mm, 2mm, 1mm

Let \(\triangle PQR\) be the right angles triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\).

So, by Pythagoras theorem

\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\) \(\ therefore 2^{2} + 1^{2} = 5\) \(∴ 3^{2} = 9 \) \(R.H.S \neq L.H.S\)

Therefore, 3mm, 2mm, 1mm are not

the lengths of the side of a right angled triangle.

 

1mm, 4mm, 0.9mm

Let \(\triangle PQR\) be the right angles triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\).

So, by Pythagoras theorem

\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\) \(\ therefore 4^{2} + 0.9 ^{2} = 16.81\) \(∴ 4.1^{2} = 16.81 \)

R.H.S = L.H.S

20

Therefore, 4.1mm, 4mm, 0.9mm are

the lengths of the side of a right angled triangle.

 

Question 5:

A pole is broken at the height of 500cm from the footpath and its peak point is in contact with the footpath at a distance of 1200cm from the base of the pole. Find the actual length when it was in normal condition.

Answer: Let \(\triangle PQR\)be the right angles triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\) representing the pole broken at point P and touches the footpath at point R and Q is the base of the pole.

21

Here, PQ = 500cm, QR = 1200cm ,

Let PR = x cm

In \(\triangle PQR\) by applying Pythagoras theorem, we get

\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\) \(\ therefore x^{2} =500^{2} + 1200^{2}\) \(∴x^{2} = 250000 + 1440000 \) \(∴x^{2} = 1690000\) \(∴ x = \sqrt{49} = 1300cm\)

Thus, PR = 1300cm

Now the actual length of the pole  = PQ + PR

= 500 + 1300

= 1800cm

Thus, the actual length of the pole is 1800cm.

 

Question 6:

In \(\triangle XYZ\)

Find out the correct one from equations given below, \(\angle Y\; = 35^{\circ} and\;\angle Z=55^{\circ}\)

  1. \(XZ^{2} = XY^{2} + YZ^{2}\)
  2. \(XY^{2} = YZ^{2} + XZ^{2}\)
  3. \(YZ^{2} = XY^{2} + XZ^{2}\)

 22

Answer: In \(\triangle XYZ\)

\(\angle XYZ + \angle YZX + \angle YXZ = 180^{\circ}\)
  • \(35^{\circ} + 55^{\circ} +\angle YXZ = 180^{\circ}\)
  • \(\angle YXZ = 180^{\circ} – (35^{\circ} + 55^{\circ})\)
  • \(\angle YXZ = 180^{\circ} – 90^{\circ}\)
  • \(\angle YXZ = 90^{\circ}\)

So, \(\triangle XYZ\) is a right angled triangle with  \(\angle X = 90^{\circ}\).

Thus, \((Hypotenuse)^{2} = (Perpendicular)^{2} + (Base)^{2}\)

  • \(YZ^{2} = XY^{2} + XZ^{2}\)

Thus, (c) is the correct option.

 

Question 7:

For a rectangle it is given that, width of a rectangle is 15mm and diagonal is 17 mm, then find the perimeter of the rectangle.

Answer:  Let WXYZ be a rectangle.

Let the length of a rectangle is y mm.

23

In \(\triangle XYZ\) by applying

Pythagoras theorem, we get

\(XZ^{2} = YZ^{2} + XY^{2}\) \(∴ 17^{2} =15^{2}  + y^{2}\) \(∴y^{2} = 289 – 225  \) \(∴y^{2} = 64\) \(∴ y = \sqrt{64} = 8mm\)

Thus, XY = 8mm

Thus, the length of a rectangle is 8mm.

Now, perimeter of rectangle = 2 (XY + YZ) = 2(8 + 15)

= 46mm

Thus, the perimeter of the rectangle is 46mm.

 

Question 8:

For a rhombus the length of diagonals are given 80mm and 18mm.Then determine the perimeter of the rhombus.

Answer: Let PQRS be the rhombus.

Let the length of side of rhombus is x mm.

Also PR = 18mm,  SQ = 80mm

24

As the diagonals bisect each other at right angle in case of rhombus,

So, OP = PR/2 = 18/2 = 9mm

And  SO = SQ/2 = 80/2 = 40mm

In \(\triangle POS\) by applying

Pythagoras theorem, we get

\(PS^{2} = OP^{2} + SO^{2}\) \(∴x^{2} =9^{2}  + 40^{2}\) \(∴x^{2} = 81 + 1600 \) \(∴x^{2} = 1681\) \(∴ x = \sqrt{1681} = 41mm\)

Thus, PS = 41mm

Now, the perimeter of the rhombus is = 4\(\times\)Length of side of rhombus = 4\(\times\)PS

= 4\(\times\)41 = 164mm

Thus, the perimeter of the rhombus is 164mm.



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8 Comments

  1. Bulbul jain Bulbul jain
    May 24, 2018    

    7th and 8th questions are change

  2. Arushi Kumar Arushi Kumar
    May 24, 2018    

    Byjus is good.

  3. Arushi Kumar Arushi Kumar
    May 24, 2018    

    Byjus is good.

  4. CHAHAT BHALLA CHAHAT BHALLA
    May 24, 2018    

    I DID’NT UNDERSTAND PLEASE UNDERSTAND ME

  5. Tanmay kapoor Tanmay kapoor
    March 7, 2018    

    Like this app 🙂

  6. Mohammed Shadul Mohammed Shadul
    March 8, 2018    

    I wand the PDF of this chapter

  7. April 18, 2018    

    it would be better if there is a complete explanation of the lesson and then these questions.

  8. prashant prashant
    May 24, 2018    

    thanks for making this website its helpfull

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