NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 Triangles and its Properties are given here in a simple and detailed way. These triangles and its properties solutions can be extremely helpful for the students to clear their doubts easily and understand the basics of this chapter in a better way. The solutions for this chapter are designed by our experts in BYJUâ€™S, on the basis of CBSE syllabus (2018-2019).

In the class 7 math book solutions, many exercise problems for chapter 6 are included which will help students to have a better understanding of the concepts and let them develop problem-solving abilities. These solved questions can also be used by the students who are appearing for any competitive exams in state level or national levels such as olympiads or talent squads, to check the logical and reasoning capabilities of students of grade 7, going to be conducted in 2019.

## Class 7 Maths NCERT Solutions â€“ The Triangles and its Properties

Triangles and its properties chapter introduce some of the most crucial concepts from geometry which are extremely important as these concepts are used further in higher level classes as well. So it is advised to 7th standard students to completely go through with all the concepts from triangles properties to comprehend higher level concepts.

The important topics covered inÂ triangle and its properties class 7 solutions are;

- Medians and Altitude of a triangles
- Exterior angle of a triangle and its properties
- Angle sum property of a triangle
- Equilateral and Isosceles triangle
- Sum of the length of two sides of a triangle
- Right angle triangle and Pythagoras theorem.

All these topics are covered in the exercise-wise solutions given below.

### NCERT Maths Solutions For Class 7 Chapter 6 Exercises

- NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangles and its Properties Exercise 6.1
- NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangles and its Properties Exercise 6.2
- NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangles and its Properties Exercise 6.3
- NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangles and its Properties Exercise 6.4
- NCERT Solutions For Class 7 Maths Chapter 6 The Triangles and its Properties Exercise 6.5

#### Exercise 6.1

**Question 1:**

**In Î” ABC, X is the midpoint of BC.**

**AP is _____________**

**AX is _____________**

**Is BP = PC?**

*Answer:*

Given:

BX = XC

Therefore, AP is altitude.

AX is a median.

No, BP â‰ PC as X is the midpoint of BC

**Â **

**Question 2:**

**Draw a sketch for the following:**

**(i) In Î” PQR, QX is a median**

**(ii) In Î” ABC, AB and AC are altitudes of a triangle.**

**(iii) In ABC, BP is an altitude in the exterior of a triangle.**

*Answer:*

(i) Here, QX is a median in Î”PQR and PX = XR

(ii) Here, AB and AC are the altitudes of the Î”ABC and CA ^ BA

(iii) BP is an altitude in the exterior of Î”ABC

**Question 3:**

**Verify by drawing a diagram if the median and altitude of a isosceles triangle can be same.**

*Answer:*

Isosceles triangle means any two sides are same.

Take Î”PQR and draw the median when PQ= PR

PX is the median and altitude of the given triangle.

Â

#### Exercise 6.2

**Question 1:**

**Find the value of the unknown exterior angle a in the following diagrams:**

*Answers:*

Since the exterior angle = sum of the interior opposite angles, then

(a) a = 50^{0}Â + 70Â ^{0Â }= 120^{0}

(b) a = 65^{0}Â + 45^{0}Â = 110^{0}

( c) a = 30^{0}Â + 40^{0}Â = 70^{0}

(d ) a = 60^{0Â }Â + 60^{0Â }= 120^{0}

(E) a = 50^{0Â }Â + 50^{0Â }= 100^{0}

(F) a = 60^{0Â }+ 30^{0Â }= 90^{0}

Â

**Question 2:**

**Find the value of the unknown interior angle a in the following figures:**

*Answers:*

Since the exterior angle = sum of the interior opposite angles, then

(a) a + 50^{o}Â = 115^{o}Â Â Â =>Â ^{Â }a = 115^{o}Â â€“ 50^{Â }^{o}Â = 65^{Â }^{o}

(b) 70^{Â }^{o}Â + a = 100^{o}Â => a = 100^{o}Â â€“ 70^{o}Â = 30^{o}

( c) a + 90^{o}Â = 125^{o}Â => a = 120^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 90^{Â }^{o}Â = 35^{Â }^{o}

(d) 60^{Â }^{o}Â + a = 120^{Â }^{o}Â => a = 120^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 60^{Â }^{o}Â = 60^{Â }^{o}

(e) 30^{Â }^{o}Â + a = 80^{Â }^{o}Â => a = 80^{Â }^{o}Â +30^{Â }^{o}Â = 50^{Â }^{o}

(f) a + 35^{Â }^{o}Â = 75^{Â }^{o}Â Â => a = 75^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 35^{Â }^{o}Â = 40^{Â }^{o}

**Â **

#### Exercise 6.3

**Question 1:**

**Find the value of the unknown a in the following given diagrams.**

*Answers:*

(a) In \(\Delta\) PQR

\(\angle\) QPR + \(\angle\) PRQ + \(\angle\) PQR = 180^{o}Â [ By angle sum property of a triangle]

=> a + 50^{o}Â + 60^{o}Â = 180^{o}

=> a + 110^{o}Â = 180^{o}

=> a = 180^{o}Â â€“ 110 = 70^{o}

(b) In \(\Delta\) ABC,

\(\angle\) CAB + \(\angle\) ABC + \(\angle\) CAB = 90^{o}Â [ By angle sum property of a triangle]

=> 90^{o}Â + 30^{o}Â + a = 180^{o}

=> a + 120^{oÂ }= 180^{o}

=> a = 180^{o}Â â€“ 120^{o}Â = 60^{o}

(c ) In \(\Delta\) ABC ,

\(\angle\) CAB + \(\angle\) ABC + \(\angle\) BCA = 180^{o}Â [ By angle of sum property of a triangle]

=> 30^{oÂ }Â + 110^{oÂ }+ aÂ = 180^{o}

=> a + 140^{o}Â = 180^{o}

=> a = 180^{oÂ }â€“ 140^{O}Â = 40^{O}

(d) In the given isosceles triangle,

a + a + 50^{o}Â = 180^{o}

=> 2a + 50^{oÂ }Â = 180^{o}

=> 2a = 180^{o}Â â€“ 50^{o}

=> 2a = 130^{o}

=> \(a = \frac{130^{\circ}}{2}\) = 65^{o}

(e) In the given equilateral triangle,

a + a + a = 180^{o Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â }[ By angle sum property of a triangle]

=> 3 a = 180^{o}

=> \(a = \frac{180^{\circ}}{3}\) = 60^{o}

(f) In the given right angled triangle,

a + 2a + 90^{o}Â = 180^{o}Â Â Â Â Â [ By the angle sum property of a triangle]

=> 3a + 90^{o}Â = 180^{o}

=> 3a = 180^{o}Â â€“ 90^{o}

=> 3a = 90^{o}

=> \(a = \frac{90^{\circ}}{3}\) = 30^{o}

Â

**Question 2**

**Find the values a and b in the following diagrams that are given below:**

**Answers:**

(a) 50^{oÂ }+ a = 120^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Exterior angle property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> a = 120^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 50^{Â }^{o}Â = 70^{Â }^{o}

Now, 50^{Â }^{o}Â + a + b = 180^{Â }^{oÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â }Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 50^{Â }^{o}Â + 70^{Â }^{o}Â + b = 180^{Â }^{o}

=> 120^{Â }^{o}Â + b = 180^{Â }^{o}

=> b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 120^{Â }^{o}Â = 60^{Â }^{o}

(b) b = 80^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (1) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [ Vertically opposite angle]

Now, 50^{Â }^{o}Â + a + b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [ Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 50^{Â }^{o}Â + 80^{Â }^{o}Â + b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [From equation (1) ]

=> 130^{Â }^{o}Â + b = 180^{Â }^{o}

=> b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 130^{Â }^{o}Â = 50^{Â }^{o}

( c) 50^{Â }^{o}Â + 60^{Â }^{o}Â = aÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Exterior angle property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> a = 110^{Â }^{o}

Now, 50^{Â }^{o}Â + 60^{Â }^{o}Â + b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 110^{Â }^{o}Â + b = 180^{Â }^{o}

=> b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 110^{Â }^{o}

=> b = 70^{Â }^{o}

(d) a = 60^{Â }^{o}Â Â â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (1)Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [ Vertically opposite angle]

Now, 30^{Â }^{o}Â + a + b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [ Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 50^{Â }^{o}Â + 60^{Â }^{o}Â + b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [From equation (1) ]

=> 90^{Â }^{o}Â + b = 180^{Â }^{o}

=> b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 90^{Â }^{o}Â = 90^{Â }^{o}

(e) b = 90^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (1)Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [ Vertically opposite angle]

Now, b + a + a = 180^{Â }^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [ Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 90^{Â }^{o}Â + 2a = 180^{Â }^{oÂ }Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [From equation (1) ]

=> 2a = 180^{Â }^{o}Â â€“ 90^{Â }^{o}

=> 2a = 90^{Â }^{o}

=> \(a=\frac{90^{\circ}}{2}\) = 45^{o}

(f) a = b â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (1) Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [ Vertically opposite angle]

Now, a + a + b = 180^{Â }^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [ Angle sum property of a \(\Delta\) ]

=> 2a + a = 180^{Â }^{o}Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â [From equation (1) ]

=> 3a = 180^{Â }^{o}

=> \(a=\frac{180^{\circ}}{3}\) = 60^{o}

Â

#### Exercise 6.4

**Question 1:**

**Is it possible to have a triangle with the following sides?**

**(a) 2cm, 3cm 5cm**

**(b) 3cm, 6cm, 7cm**

**(c) 6cm, 3cm, 2cm**

*Answer:*

Since the triangle is possible having its sum of the lengths of any two sides would be greater than that length of the third side.

(a) 2cm , 3cm 5cm

2 + 3 > 5 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â No

2 + 5 > 3 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Yes

3 + 5 > 2 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Yes

This triangle is not possible.

(b) 3cm, 6cm and 7cm

3 +Â 6> 7 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Yes

6 + 7 > 3 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Yes

3 + 7 > 6 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Yes

This triangle is possible.

( c) 6cm, 3cm and 2cm

6 + 3 > 2 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Yes

6 + 2 > 3 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Yes

2 + 3 > 6 Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â No

This triangle is not possible.

**Â **

**Question 2:**

**Take any point P in the interior of a triangle ABC is:**

**(a) PA + PB > AB?**

**(b) PB + PC > BC?**

**(C ) PC + PA > CA?**

*Answers:*

Join PC, PB and PA

(a) Is PA + PB > AB?

Yes, APB forms a triangle.

(b) Is PB + PC > BC?

Yes, CBP forms a triangle.

( c) Is PC + PA > CA?

Yes, CPA forms a triangle.

**Â **

**Question 3:**

**PO is a median of a triangle PQR. Is PQ + QR + RP > 2PO? (Consider the sides of a triangle as \(\Delta\) PQO and \(\Delta\) POR )**

*Answer:*

Since, the sum of the lengths of any two sides in a triangle should be greater than the length of the third side.

Therefore,

In \(\Delta\) PQO, PQ + QO > PO â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (1)

In \(\Delta\) POR, PR + OQ > PO â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (2)

Adding equation (1) and (2) we get,

PQ + PO + PR + OR > PO + PO

=> PQ + PR + ( QO + OR ) > 2PO

=> PQ + PR + QR > 2 PO

Hence, it is true.

**Â **

**Question 4:**

**PQRS is a quadrilateral. Is PQ + QR + RS + RP > PR + QS ?**

*Answer:*

Since, the sum of lengths of any two sides in a triangle should be greater than the length of the third side.

Therefore,

In \(\Delta\) PQR, PQ + QR > PR â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (1)

In \(\Delta\) PSR, PS + SR > PR â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (2)

In \(\Delta\) SRQ, SR + RQ > SQ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (3)

In \(\Delta\) PSQ, PS + PQ > SQ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (4)

Adding the equations (1) , (2) , (3) and (4) we get,

PQ + QR + PS + SR + RQ + PS + PQ > PS + PS + SQ + SQ

=>( PQ + PQ ) + ( QR + QR ) + ( PS + PS ) + ( SR + SR ) > 2 PR + 2 SQ

=> 2 PQ + 2 QR + 2 PS + 2 SR > 2 PR + 2 SQ

=> 2 ( PQ + QR + PS + SR) > 2 ( PR + SQ )

=> PQ + QR + PS + SR > PR + SQ

=> PQ + QR + RS + SP > PR + SQ

Hence, it is true.

**Â **

**Question 5:**

**PQRS is a quadrilateral. Is PQ + QR + RS + SA < 2 (PR + QS)?**

*Answer:*

Since the sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle should be greater than the length of the third side.

Therefore,

In \(\Delta\) PXQ, PQ < XP + XQ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (1)

In \(\Delta\) QXR, QR < XQ + XR â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (2)

In \(\Delta\) RXS, RS < XR + XS â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (3)

In \(\Delta\) PXS, SP < XS + XP â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ â€“ (4)

Adding the equations (1) , (2) , (3) and (4) We get,

PQ + QR + RS + SP < XP + XQ + XQ + XR + XR + XS + XS + XP

=> PQ + QR + RS + SP < 2XP + 2 XQ + 2 XR + XS

=> PQ + QR + RS + SP < 2[(PX + XR) + (XS + XQ)]

=> PQ + QR + RS + SP < 2[PR + QS]

Hence it is proved.

**Â **

**Question 6:**

**The lengths of the two sides of a given triangle are 12cm and 15cm respectively. Between what two measures should the length of the third side fall?**

*Answer:*

Since, the sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle should be greater than the length of the third side.

It is given that the two sides of a triangle are 15cm and 12cm.

Therefore, the third side should be less than 15+ 12 = 27cm

Also that, the third side cannot be less than the difference of the other two sides.

Therefore, the third side has to be greater than 15-12 = 3cm.

Hence, the third side could be the length more than 3cm and less than 27cm.

Â

#### Exercise. 6.5

**Question 1:**

**Â ABC is a right angled triangle with \(\angle B = 90^{\circ}\). If AB = 12mm and BC = 5mm, find AC.**

*Answer:*

Here AB = 12mm and BC = 5mm (given)

Assuming AC =Â y mm.

\(AC^{2} = AB^{2} + BC^{2}\)In \(\triangle ABC\) by applying Pythagoras theorem, we get \( y^{2} = 12^{2} + 5^{2}\) \(\ therefore y^{2} = 144 + 25\) \(âˆ´y^{2} = 169\) \(âˆ´ y = \sqrt{169} = 13mm\)Thus, AC = 13mm

Â

**Question 2:**

**XYZ is a right angled triangle with \(\angle Y = 90^{\circ}\). If XZ = 5cm and YZ = 3cm, find XY.**

*Answer:*

Assuming XY =Â acm.

Here XZ = 5cm and YZ = 3cm (given)

In \(\triangle XYZ\) by applying

Pythagoras theorem, we get

\(XZ^{2} = XY^{2} + YZ^{2}\) \(\ therefore a^{2} = 5^{2} â€“ 3^{2}\) \(\ therefore a^{2} = 25 â€“ 9 \) \(âˆ´Â a^{2} = 16\) \(âˆ´ a = \sqrt{16} = 4cm\)Thus, XY = 4cm

Â

**Question 3:**

**A 25cm long stick is rested on a wall at a point 24cm high on the wall. If the stick is at a distance x cm from wall on the ground, find the distance x.**

*Answer:*

**Â **

Â

Let PR be the stick and P be the point where the stick touches the wall.

So, it becomes right angled triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\)

In \(\triangle PQR\) by applying Pythagoras theorem, we get

\( x^{2} =25^{2} â€“ 24^{2}\)\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\) \(\ therefore x^{2} = 625 â€“ 576 \) \(âˆ´x^{2} = 49\) \(âˆ´ x = \sqrt{49} = 7cm\)Thus, QR = 7cm

Â

**Question 4:**

**Which of the given below could be the lengths of the side of a right angled triangle?**

**5mm, 1.2mm, .9mm****3mm, 2mm, 1mm****1mm, 4mm, 9mm**

Â

*Answer:*

Assuming that the hypotenuse is the side with largest length so as per Pythagoras Theorem,

\((Hypotenuse)^{2} = (Perpendicular)^{2} + (Base)^{2}\)5mm, 1.2mm, 0.9mm

Let \(\triangle PQR\) be the right angles triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\).

So, by Pythagoras theorem

\( 1.2^{2} + 0.9^{2} = 2.25\)\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\)
\(âˆ´ 1.5^{2} = 2.25 \)

R.H.S = L.H.S

Therefore, 1.5mm, 1.2mm, 0.9mmare

The lengths of the side of a right angled triangle.

3mm, 2mm, 1mm

Let \(\triangle PQR\) be the right angles triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\).

So, by Pythagoras theorem

\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\) \(\ therefore 2^{2} + 1^{2} = 5\) \(âˆ´ 3^{2} = 9 \) \(R.H.S \neq L.H.S\)Therefore, 3mm, 2mm, 1mm are not

the lengths of the side of a right angled triangle.

Â

1mm, 4mm, 0.9mm

Let \(\triangle PQR\) be the right angles triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\).

So, by Pythagoras theorem

\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\) \(\ therefore 4^{2} + 0.9 ^{2} = 16.81\) \(âˆ´ 4.1^{2} = 16.81 \)R.H.S = L.H.S

Therefore, 4.1mm, 4mm, 0.9mm are

the lengths of the side of a right angled triangle.

**Â **

**Question 5:**

**A pole is broken at the height of 500cm from the footpath and its peak point is in contact with the footpath at a distance of 1200cm from the base of the pole. Find the actual length when it was in normal condition.**

**Answer:**Â Let \(\triangle PQR\)be the right angles triangle with \(\angle Q = 90^{\circ}\) representing the pole broken at point P and touches the footpath at point R and Q is the base of the pole.

Here, PQ = 500cm, QR = 1200cm ,

Let PR = x cm

In \(\triangle PQR\) by applying Pythagoras theorem, we get

\(PR^{2} = PQ^{2} + QR^{2}\) \(\ therefore x^{2} =500^{2} + 1200^{2}\) \(âˆ´x^{2} = 250000 + 1440000 \) \(âˆ´x^{2} = 1690000\) \(âˆ´ x = \sqrt{49} = 1300cm\)Thus, PR = 1300cm

Now the actual length of the poleÂ = PQ + PR

= 500 + 1300

= 1800cm

Thus, the actual length of the pole is 1800cm.

Â

**Question 6:**

**In \(\triangle XYZ\)**

**Find out the correct one from equations given below,Â \(\angle Y\; = 35^{\circ} and\;\angle Z=55^{\circ}\)**

**\(XZ^{2} = XY^{2} + YZ^{2}\)****\(XY^{2} = YZ^{2} + XZ^{2}\)****\(YZ^{2} = XY^{2} + XZ^{2}\)**

**Â **

**Answer:**Â In \(\triangle XYZ\)
\(\angle XYZ + \angle YZX + \angle YXZ = 180^{\circ}\)

- \(35^{\circ} + 55^{\circ} +\angle YXZ = 180^{\circ}\)
- \(\angle YXZ = 180^{\circ} â€“ (35^{\circ} + 55^{\circ})\)
- \(\angle YXZ = 180^{\circ} â€“ 90^{\circ}\)
- \(\angle YXZ = 90^{\circ}\)

So, \(\triangle XYZ\) is a right angled triangle withÂ \(\angle X = 90^{\circ}\).

Thus, \((Hypotenuse)^{2} = (Perpendicular)^{2} + (Base)^{2}\)

- \(YZ^{2} = XY^{2} + XZ^{2}\)

Thus, (c) is the correct option.

**Â **

**Question 7:**

**For a rectangle it is given that, width of a rectangle is 15mm and diagonal is 17 mm, then find the perimeter of the rectangle.**

**Answer:**Â Let WXYZ be a rectangle.

Let the length of a rectangle is y mm.

In \(\triangle XYZ\) by applying

Pythagoras theorem, we get

\(XZ^{2} = YZ^{2} + XY^{2}\) \(âˆ´ 17^{2} =15^{2}Â + y^{2}\) \(âˆ´y^{2} = 289 â€“ 225Â \) \(âˆ´y^{2} = 64\) \(âˆ´ y = \sqrt{64} = 8mm\)Thus, XY = 8mm

Thus, the length of a rectangle is 8mm.

Now, perimeter of rectangle = 2 (XY + YZ) = 2(8 + 15)

= 46mm

Thus, the perimeter of the rectangle is 46mm.

Â

**Question 8:**

**For a rhombus the length of diagonals are given 80mm and 18mm.Then determine the perimeter of the rhombus.**

**Answer:**Â Let PQRS be the rhombus.

Let the length of side of rhombus is x mm.

Also PR = 18mm,Â SQ = 80mm

As the diagonals bisect each other at right angle in case of rhombus,

So, OP = PR/2 = 18/2 = 9mm

AndÂ SO = SQ/2 = 80/2 = 40mm

In \(\triangle POS\) by applying

Pythagoras theorem, we get

\(PS^{2} = OP^{2} + SO^{2}\) \(âˆ´x^{2} =9^{2}Â + 40^{2}\) \(âˆ´x^{2} = 81 + 1600 \) \(âˆ´x^{2} = 1681\) \(âˆ´ x = \sqrt{1681} = 41mm\)Thus, PS = 41mm

Now, the perimeter of the rhombus is = 4\(\times\)Length of side of rhombus = 4\(\times\)PS

= 4\(\times\)41 = 164mm

Thus, the perimeter of the rhombus is 164mm.

Students can download PDF of NCERT class 7 maths solutions for chapter 6 PDF available here and study with the help of these materials to prepare for their final exams. They are also suggested to solve sample papers and previous year questions papers, to know weightage of chapter 6 in class 7 maths paper. Click here to get the questions papers for Class 7 Maths subject.

NCERT has included several examples to help the students understand the concepts of triangles better and know how to solve various questions related to this topic. Students are suggested to solve ncert maths book class 7 try these solutions examples and problems along with these solutions to have a good command on this chapter 6, Triangles and its properties.

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