MCQs On Hormonal Control Digestion

Hormones, the chemical messengers, found in the gut are critical in regulating the intake of food and energy expenditure. The body’s biggest hormone producing structure, the gut secretes more than 20 various peptide hormones, some of these affect the eating pattern, sensation of pleasure during nibbling while some others target the brain to control appetite and so on.

1. Enterogastrone is

(a) hormone secreted by intestinal mucosa

(b) hormone secreted by mucosa

(c) secreted by endocrine glands related to digestion

(d) hormone secreted by gastric mucosa

Answer: (a)

2. Juice containing sodium glycocholate is secreted under the influence of

(a) enterogastrone

(b) cholecystokinin

(c) enterokinin

(d) secretin

Answer: (b)

3. Gall bladder contractions and Pancreatic secretion are triggered by

(a) enterogastrone

(b) enterocrinin

(c) gastrin

(d) cholecystokinin

Answer: (d)

4. Cholecystokinin hormone which is released from the intestinal epithelium triggers

(a) release of bile from gallbladder

(b) conversion of protein to peptones

(c) conversion of fats into glycerol

(d) secretion of pancreatic juice

Answer: (a)

5. The hormone secretin triggers

(a) gallbladder

(b) pancreas

(c) crypts of Lieberkuhn

(d) stomach

Answer: (b)

6. This regulates the enzymatic quantity in pancreatic juice

(a) Cholecystokinin

(b) Gastrin

(c) Pancreozymin

(d) Secretin

Answer: (c)

7. In a mammal, the release of pancreatic juice from the pancreas is triggered by

(a) cholecystokinin

(b) trypsinogen

(c) secretin

(d) enterokinase

Answer: (c)

8. This body part secretes secretin hormone

(a) Oesophagus

(b) Ileum

(c) Duodenum

(d) Stomach

Answer: (c)

9. The hormone gastrin is secreted by

(a) pancreas

(b) liver

(c) stomach

(d) intestine

Answer: (c)

10. Secretion of gastric juice is controlled by

(a) cholecystokinin

(b) gastrin

(c) enterogastrone

(d) none of the above

Answer: (b)

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