Will NEET Exam Contain Questions Based On Biotechnology?

NEET is a highly coveted medical examination conducted annually allowing students to seek admissions to medical courses. Since it is a medical entrance exam, students mostly give emphasis on Biology syllabus as it covers 50% of the NEET question paper, requires thorough attention of students.

Before starting to prepare, candidates need to master the NEET syllabus which primary comprises the NCERT syllabus for class 11 & 12. Given below is a list of chapters covered under NCERT syllabus for NEET.

NEET 2020 Biology Syllabus Class 11 (Botany and Zoology)

Unit I – Diversity in Living World

Unit II – Structural Organization in Plants and Animals

Unit III – Cell Structure and Function

Unit IV – Plant Physiology

Unit V – Human Physiology

NEET 2020 Biology Syllabus Class 12 (Botany and Zoology)

Unit I – Reproduction

Unit II – Genetics and Evolution

Unit III – Biology and Human Welfare

Unit IV – Biotechnology and its Applications

Unit V – Ecology and Environment

Biotechnology is covered in class 12 of the NCERT syllabus for Biology. Amongst the other chapters from both the classes, Biotechnology and its applications is considered as a do-or-die chapter as it carries a substantial amount of weightage. As per previous trends, Biotechnology chapter accounts for 7.5% of the total weightage. The paper sees 3 questions appearing from this section with a total of 12 marks.

Apart from this candidates must be aware that questions can be asked from any topic, any section, hence which chapter/topic is more important or less can’t be exactly predicted. This data is based on trends from previous years which can help students comprehend topics which cannot be missed.

Given below are few questions that have appeared in NEET of two years – NEET 2016, NEET 2015 from the topic – Biotechnology and its applications.

Questions asked in NEET 2016

1. Which kind of therapy was given in 1990 to a four-year-old girl with Adenosine Deaminase(ADA) deficiency?

(a) Gene therapy

(b) Chemotherapy

(c) Immunotherapy

(d) Radiation therapy

Answer: (a)

2. Which part of the tobacco plant is infected by Meloidogyne incognita?

(a) Leaf

(b) Stem

(c) Root

(d) Flower

Answer: (c)

3. The two polypeptides of human insulin are linked together by

(a) phosphodiester bonds

(b) covalent bonds

(c) disulphide bridges

(d) hydrogen bonds

Answer: (c)

Questions asked in NEET 2015

4. Golden rice is a genetically modified crop plant where the incorporated gene is meant for the biosynthesis of

(a) omega 3

(b) Vitamin – A

(c) Vitamin – B

(d) Vitamin – C

Answer: (b)

5. The introduction of tDNA into plants involves

(a) allowing plants roots to stand in water

(b) exposing plants to cold for a brief period

(c) altering pH of the soil, heat-shocking plants

(d) infection of the plant by Agrobacterium tumefaciens

Answer: (d)

6. In Bt cotton, the Bt toxin that is present in plant tissue as pro-toxin is converted into active toxin due to

(a) acidic pH of insect gut

(b) action of gut microorganisms

(c) alkaline pH of insect gut

(d) the presence of conversion factors in insect gut

Answer: (c)

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