Difference Between Longitudinal and Transverse Wave

Difference Between Longitudnal waves and Transverse waves

A wave is a disturbance that propagates energy from one place to another without transporting any matter. A general example would be a stone hitting the surface of the water and creating ripples that travel in the shape of concentric circles with its radius increasing until they strike the boundary of the pond. There are various types of waves and two of those would be longitudinal and transverse waves.

  • In a longitudinal wave, the medium or the channel moves in the same direction with respect to the wave. Here, the movement of the particles is from left to right and force other particles to vibrate.

  • In a transverse wave the medium or the channel moves perpendicular to the direction of the wave. Here, the particles move up and down as the waves move horizontally.

Difference Between Longitudinal and Transverse Wave

Difference Between Longitudinal and Transverse Wave
Longitudinal Transverse
The medium moves in the same direction of the wave The medium is moving perpendicular to the direction of wave
It acts in one dimension It acts in two dimensions
The wave cannot be polarized or aligned The wave can be polarized or aligned
This wave can be produced in any medium such as gas, liquid or solid This wave can be produced in solid and liquid’s surface
The earthquake P wave is an example Earthquake S wave is an example
It is made of rarefactions and compressions It is made of troughs and crests

These were some differences between longitudinal and transverse waves. If you wish to find out more, download BYJU’S The Learning App.

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3 Comments

  1. Thanks for this answer

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  3. I found this and was satisfied with the article.
    Thanks for this nice explanatory article

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