Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton in India. Cotton is one of the most important fibre crops and cash crops in India. This article will throw light on the top cotton-producing states of India.
Cotton Production in India
The top cotton-producing states of India are listed below:
- Andhra Pradesh
- Madhya Pradesh
Cotton Production in India – One of the 3 Most Important Non-Food Crops
- The 3 important non-food crops of India are rubber, jute, and cotton.
- Among all the countries in the world, India has the largest area under cotton cultivation.
- India constitutes 37% of the world’s total area under cotton cultivation.
- In India, cotton cultivation is in the range of 10.5 million hectares to 12.20 million hectares.
- Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau.
- Cotton requires very light irrigation or rainfall.
- Cotton requires a high temperature.
- It requires 6 to 8 months for the cotton to mature.
- Cotton is a Kharif crop.
- 20% of the world’s cotton is consumed in India.
- India is the second-largest consumer of cotton in the world.
- China is the world’s largest consumer of cotton.
- The worldwide consumption of cotton is 26.91 MT, and in India alone, 5.40 MT of cotton is consumed.
Cotton in India – Economic Importance
- In India, around 40 million to 50 million people are employed in cotton processing and trade.
- Cotton plays a very important role in the agricultural and industrial economy of India.
- Cotton fibre is the basic raw material in the cotton textile industry.
Gujarat – Largest Cotton-Producing State in India
Apart from cotton, other important facts related to agriculture in the state of Gujarat are given below:
- The main sources of growth in Gujarat’s agriculture sector are cotton production, wheat production, fruits, vegetables, and livestock.
- Gujarat is not only the main producer of cotton but also the main producer of tobacco dates, sugar cane, milk products, and groundnuts.
- The other crops and vegetables grown in Gujarat are maize, rice, mustard, green gram, mango, sugarcane, tomato, potato, onion, lime, guava, etc.
- Gujarat’s growth rate in agriculture is around 9%.
- In Gujarat, agriculture is a success due to the presence of 8 different climatic zones.
For more information and interesting facts on the state of Gujarat, visit the given link.