Cotton-Producing States in India

Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton in India. Cotton is one of the most important fibre crops and cash crops in India. This article will throw light on the top cotton-producing states of India.

Cotton Production in India

The top cotton-producing states of India are listed below:

  1. Gujarat
  2. Maharashtra
  3. Telangana
  4. Andhra Pradesh
  5. Madhya Pradesh
  6. Karnataka
  7. Haryana
  8. Rajasthan
  9. Punjab
  10. Odisha

Cotton Production in India – One of the 3 Most Important Non-Food Crops

  • The 3 important non-food crops of India are rubber, jute, and cotton.
  • Among all the countries in the world, India has the largest area under cotton cultivation.
  • India constitutes 37% of the world’s total area under cotton cultivation.
  • In India, cotton cultivation is in the range of 10.5 million hectares to 12.20 million hectares.
  • Cotton grows well in drier parts of the black cotton soil of the Deccan Plateau.
  • Cotton requires very light irrigation or rainfall.
  • Cotton requires a high temperature.
  • It requires 6 to 8 months for the cotton to mature.
  • Cotton is a Kharif crop.
  • 20% of the world’s cotton is consumed in India.
  • India is the second-largest consumer of cotton in the world.
  • China is the world’s largest consumer of cotton.
  • The worldwide consumption of cotton is 26.91 MT, and in India alone, 5.40 MT of cotton is consumed.

Cotton in India – Economic Importance

  • In India, around 40 million to 50 million people are employed in cotton processing and trade.
  • Cotton plays a very important role in the agricultural and industrial economy of India.
  • Cotton fibre is the basic raw material in the cotton textile industry.

Gujarat – Largest Cotton-Producing State in India

Apart from cotton, other important facts related to agriculture in the state of Gujarat are given below:

  • The main sources of growth in Gujarat’s agriculture sector are cotton production, wheat production, fruits, vegetables, and livestock.
  • Gujarat is not only the main producer of cotton but also the main producer of tobacco dates, sugar cane, milk products, and groundnuts.
  • The other crops and vegetables grown in Gujarat are maize, rice, mustard, green gram, mango, sugarcane, tomato, potato, onion, lime, guava, etc.
  • Gujarat’s growth rate in agriculture is around 9%.
  • In Gujarat, agriculture is a success due to the presence of 8 different climatic zones.

For more information and interesting facts on the state of Gujarat, visit the given link.

Related Links

What are Crops?-Types of Crops, Cash Crops and Food Crops

CBSE Notes Class 10 Geography Chapter 4 – Agriculture

Major Crops and Cropping Pattern in India

MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science Agriculture

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Social Science Chapter 4: Agriculture

CBSE Class 8 Geography Chapter 4 Agriculture Important Questions

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Which state of India is the highest producer of cotton?

Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton in India.

Which states of India are famous for producing cotton?

The states of India which are famous for producing cotton in India are Gujarat, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.

Which country is the largest producer of cotton in the world?

India is the world’s largest producer of cotton. Around 22% of the world’s cotton is produced in India.

Which state has the richest farmers in India?

The state of Meghalaya, located in Northeast India, has the richest farmers in India. The farmers of Meghalaya are the richest in the country, with an average monthly household nominal income of Rs. 29,348. The second richest farmers of India are in Punjab. The farmers of Punjab earn an average monthly household nominal income of Rs. 26,701.

Which state is number 1 in agriculture in India?

In total food grain production, Uttar Pradesh is the number 1 state in India. As of 2020-21, the total food grain production from Uttar Pradesh is 58.32 million tonnes. Around 19% of India’s total food grain is produced from Uttar Pradesh.