Sugar Formula

Sugar formula, for table sugar which is also known as sucrose formula, is given in this article. Sucrose is a disaccharide. It consists of two monosaccharide molecules viz fructose and glucose. The chemical or molecular formula for sucrose is C12H22O11. Each sugar molecule has 12 carbon atoms, 11 oxygen atoms, and 22 hydrogen atoms.

It is a white solid, odourless and has a sweet taste. This non-reducing disaccharide compound is highly soluble in water and methanol. It does not dissolve in ethyl ether but is slightly soluble in ethanol. It can be obtained from sugarcane, beta vulgaris, and various other plants. It is widely used in food as a sweetener.

Structural Formula Of Sucrose (Table Sugar)

Structural Formula Of Sucrose

Sucrose structure

Properties Of Sucrose (Table Sugar)

Chemical formula C12H22O11
Molecular weight 342.30 g/mol
Density 1.587 g/cm3
Melting point Decomposes at 186 °C

Sugar formula for various other sugars:

Some sugars have the same chemical formula and so it might not be a good idea to distinguish them on basis of it. They can be differentiated based on the structure, location, and type of chemical bonds between them.

Sugar name Chemical formula
Arabinose C5H10O5
Galactose C6H12O6
Lactose C12H22O11
Mannose C6H12O6
Trehalose C12H22O11
Fructose C6H12O6
Glucose C6H12O6
Inositol C6H12O6
Ribose C5H10O5
Xylose C5H10O5

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In humans, gamete cells are _________.