Microbial diversity refers to the various types of bacteria, protists, archaea, fungi, and unicellular creatures. The biosphere is populated by a wide variety of bacteria that define the parameters of life, and establish the conditions required for the evolution and survival of other organisms.
The various types of microorganisms can be divided into groups according to their diverse genomic structure, evolution, expression, their diverse physiology, cellular metabolism, and morphological characteristics.
The multi-latitude idea of microbial diversity includes:
- Microbial genetic diversity
- Microbial species diversity
- Microbial ecosystem diversity.
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