The leaves are green in colour mainly because of the green colour pigments present within the plant cell called the chlorophyll. This pigment is used by all vascular plants to convert light energy into chemical energy via photosynthesis.
Chlorophyll pigments are also involved in the photosynthesis process by absorbing sunlight required for the production of carbohydrates in the plants. It is found in the thylakoid membranes in the chloroplasts – the green coloured plastids present in the plant cells.
Also Refer: Types of pigments in plant
There are different types of Chlorophyll, among which the Chlorophyll A and Chlorophyll B play a significant role in the biological process of photosynthesis.
Let’s learn about the differences between chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b
Chlorophyll a and Chlorophyll b – Differences
|Chlorophyll a||Chlorophyll b|
|Chlorophyll a is the primary photosynthetic pigment||Chlorophyll b is the accessory pigment|
|It is present in all plants, algae, bacteria, cyanobacteria and phototrophs.||It is present only in green algae and in the plants.|
|Absorbs violet-blue and orange-red light from the spectrum.||Absorbs orange-red light from the spectrum.|
|It is a blue-green colour.||It is a yellow-green colour.|
|It is soluble in petroleum ether.||It is soluble in methyl alcohol.|
|Rate of Absorption|
|It absorbs more red wavelength.||It absorbs violet-blue wavelength.|
|It absorbs energy from wavelengths of blue-violet and orange-red light.||It absorbs energy from wavelengths of green light.|
|It absorbs the light in the range of 430 nm to 660 nm.||It absorbs light in the range of 450 nm to 650 nm.|
|In Porphyrin Ring|
|Side groups of CH3.||CHO group is present other than CH3.|
|It is the reaction centre of the antenna array of core proteins.||It regulates the size of the antenna.|
|839.51 g/mol.||907.49 g/mol.|
|Contains methyl group in the third position of its chlorine ring.||Contains an aldehyde group in the third position of its chlorine ring.|
Also Refer: Difference Between Chlorophyll and Chloroplast
This concludes some of the basic differences between Chlorophyll a and Chlorophyll b. Stay tuned with BYJU’S Biology for more differences and other Biology related topics.