Difference Between Lysosomes and Ribosomes

The difference between Lysosomes and Ribosomes is easy to understand:

First and foremost, both are cell organelles found in almost all living organisms. They are integral for cell processes and function.

  • Lysosomes are membrane bound organelles that enclose digestive enzymes capable of breaking down old/ malfunctioning cells as well as destroy foreign pathogens
  • Ribosomes are also organelles that are found either floating freely or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The primary role of this cell organelle is to produce proteins.

Hence, we can infer that both ribosomes and lysosomes are important organelles that perform very distinct functions. In this article, we shall explore more differences between the two:

Difference Between Lysosomes and Ribosomes
Lysosomes
Ribosomes
Nature of Membrane
Lysosomes are membrane bound organelles Technically, ribosomes are not membrane-bound and there is no separation from them and the other cell organelles. However, when ribosomes make certain proteins, they become membrane-bound organelles, attaching themselves to the endoplasmic reticulum
Occurrence
Lysosomes are less common in plants. However, they are quite abundant in animals Almost all living organisms have ribosomes – eukaryotes have 80S ribosomes while prokaryotes have a smaller 70S ribosomes
Function
Lysosomes break down old/ malfunctioning cells. This organelle also destroys foreign pathogens such as bacteria and viruses Ribosomes are responsible for protein synthesis. They are also very integral in the process of translation

Main Article:

Frequently Asked Questions on Lysosomes and Ribosomes

What is the difference between Lysosomes and Ribosomes?

Lysosomes and ribosomes are two distinct cell organelles that perform very specific functions. Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles that enclose digestive enzymes capable of breaking down old/ malfunctioning cells as well as destroy foreign pathogens. On the other hand, ribosomes are found either floating freely or attached to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The primary role of this cell organelle is to produce specific proteins.

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