Difference between Micropropagation and Tissue Culture

Micropropagation and Tissue Culture are two artificial, man-made methods to produce a large number of identical plants. It requires a sterile condition and controlled environment for successful growth. Let us look at the differences between the two techniques.

Read about micropropagation in detail here.

Micropropagation

Tissue Culture

Definition

Micropropagation is a technique of tissue culture of growing plantlets in sterile conditions.

It is a technique of growing plant cells, organs and tissues on a nutrient medium in a sterile environment.

Steps involved

  • Selection of mother plant
  • Multiplication
  • Pretransplant
  • Transfer from culture
  • Selection of explant
  • Culturing
  • Callus formation
  • Development to a specific organ or cell.

Uses

  • Production of large quantities of identical plantlets.
  • Production of pathogen free plants.
  • To conserve rare and endangered species.
  • Protoplast fusion
  • Induction of polyploidy

Explore BYJU’S Biology to learn more.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is micropropagation and tissue culture the same?

Tissue culture is the starting step of micropropagation where plant cells or organs are grown on a nutrient medium, whereas micropropagation is the production of thousands of identical plantlets.

Why is tissue culture called micropropagation?

Plant tissue culture is interchangeably called micropropagation because the end result is the production of thousands of identical plantlets.

What is an example of micropropagation?

Plants important to developing countries such as banana, jojoba, rubber tree, tomato, etc have been grown with the help of micropropagation.

What are the types of media used in tissue culture?

The most common plant tissue culture media is MS (Murashige and Skoog) media. Other types include Linsmaier and Skoog medium, Gamborg’s medium, White’s medium, etc.

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