Differences Between Catabolism and Anabolism

Metabolism is a crucial part for growth, development and efficient functionality for the body. It can be categorized into two types based on their functions: Catabolism and Anabolism. The major differences between Catabolism and Anabolism are the way the molecules are utilized in the body. Anabolism creates molecules the body needs for functionality and it uses energy in the process. Catabolism, on the other hand breaks down complex molecules and releases energy which is available for the body to use.

Differences Between Catabolism and Anabolism

Differences Between Catabolism and Anabolism

The concept of anabolism and catabolism have been adopted in the fitness industry as well. They are employed to achieve two different goals. Anabolic workout focuses on building muscle mass whereas, catabolic workout focuses on shedding weight and burning more calories. The major differences between Catabolism and Anabolism are summarized below:

Differences Between Catabolism and Anabolism



Catabolism breaks down big complex molecules into smaller, easier to absorb molecules

Anabolism builds molecules require for the body’s functionality

The process of catabolism releases energy

Anabolic processes require energy

Hormones involved in the processes are adrenaline, cytokine, glucagon and cortisol

Hormones involved in the process are estrogen, testosterone, growth hormones and insulin

Examples of catabolic processes are proteins becoming amino acids, glycogen breaking down into glucose and triglycerides breaking up into fatty acids

Examples include formation of polypeptides from amino acids, glucose forming glycogen and fatty acids forming triglycerides


Catabolic and Anabolic processes are required for the proper functioning of the body. Catabolism, at its core involves breaking down of complex molecules and releasing energy for the body to use. Anabolic process is the complete opposite of catabolism as it involves creating bigger, complex molecules from smaller, simpler molecules. These are usually stored by the body for future use.

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Practise This Question

Statement(S) : A Mule and a liger are not considered to be separate species. Reason(R) : Mules and ligers are infertile and cannot give rise to their own offsprings.