Effects of Land Pollution

Effects of land pollution are very apparent. And also, land pollution can lead to the contamination of water too. This makes land pollution a biohazard if not carefully managed.

Waste materials that cause land pollution can be classified into one of three types – municipal solid wastes, construction and demolition wastes and hazardous wastes. Municipal solid wastes include non-hazardous wastes from homes, commercial and industrial establishments. Construction and demolition wastes consist of concrete, metals and asphalt. Hazardous wastes are usually toxic substances that are formed as a by-product of various chemical manufacturing industries. When these three classes of wastes are improperly disposed of, especially the hazardous wastes, land pollution occurs.

What are the effects of land pollution?

  • Toxic substances may leech into the soil and cause contamination.
  • Waterbodies get contaminated as well.
  • Increased risk of wildfires.
  • Topsoil gets lost.
  • May cause birth defects if exposed to contamination.
  • Can negatively affect the quality of life and also health.
  • Has the potential to affect the growth and development of children.

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