Fertilizers increase the yield of plants and also restore the productivity of the soil.
What are Fertilizers?
A fertilizer is defined as a chemical substance that contains necessary nutrients such as nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus to make the soil fertile. The most common examples of fertilizers used by farmers are urea, potash and ammonium sulphate.
Fertilizers are chemical substances, which are artificially produced in the large scale industries, as they are the alternatives used in agriculture
There are different types of fertilizers and are differentiated mainly based on the composition and the type of chemical used in them.
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There are more interesting facts about fertilizers, their composition, applications and their types. Some of them are discussed below pointwise.
Interesting Facts about Fertilizers
Fertilizers improve and increase the productivity of many crops such as wheat, maize, rice and other cereals and pulses.
Also Read: Agriculture And Fertilizers
Fertilizers do not provide any humus to the soil but it improves the physical condition of the soil.
Biofertilizers are responsible for improving the plant productivity and healthier crops. It is also involved in destroying disease-causing pathogenic components. Acetobacter and Rhizobium are two widely used biofertilizers.
Biofertilizers are environment-friendly, which provide the soil with the essential nutrients and microbes required for the growth of the plants and also help to retain the soil fertility.
Fertilizers can be easily absorbed by the plants, as they are water-soluble and help by providing essential nutrients for the plants and improves the production of crops.
Also Read: Crop Production and Management
Fertilizers are predictable and reliable, which increase the crop yield and provide enough food to feed a large population.
Biofertilizers mainly include plant remains, organic matter and some special class of microorganisms, which serve as a good source of nutrients required for the benefit of plants.
Biofertilizers help by producing plant growth regulators like biotins, cytokines, auxins and other biomolecules, which are essential for plant growth and development.
Fertilizers are mainly added to the plants to supply all the essential nutrients, which are not present in the soil and also to improve the texture and fertility of the soil.
Fertilizers harm the microbes present in the soil, which help in nitrogen fixation and other important microbes that are useful to crop.
Also refer: Vermicomposting
These were a few interesting and amazing facts about fertilizers. To know more about fertilizers, their types, sources, significance and other related topics, keep visiting our website at BYJU’S Biology.