Overview Of Malaria
Malaria is an infectious disease caused by a genus of parasitic protozoans called Plasmodium. Among these, Plasmodium vivax is the most common causative agent of this disease. However, malaria is a vector-borne disease, meaning that it needs a carrier to transmit this protozoan to a host. The vector in question is the mosquito, but only a particular genus can transmit the disease – the Anopheles genus, and only the females under this species.
Also Read: Diseases
Symptoms Of Malaria
After the incubation period, which typically lasts from 7-18 days, the patients show the following symptoms:
- Severe shivering and chills
- High fever
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- General discomfort and weakness
- Abdominal pain
- Muscle pain
In most cases, Malaria is a severe, life-threatening infectious disease, but it is treatable and curable with medications and adequate care.
Read more: What is Malaria?
To explore more about the disease, or other related topics, please visit BYJU’S.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q.1.What is Malaria?
Malaria is a very serious and dangerous infectious disease caused by a genus of parasitic protozoans called Plasmodium. It is transmitted from the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
Q.2.Is Malaria preventable?
Yes, Malaria is a preventable and curable disease. This life-threatening disease can be prevented or controlled by following certain preventable measures, like:
- Avoid mosquito bites.
- Using mosquito repellent.
- Avoid camping by stagnant water.
- Using a mosquito net over the bed.
- Wearing long sleeves and long pants.
Q.3. Is Malaria contagious disease?
No, malaria is not a contagious disease.
Q.4. Who is extremely vulnerable to malaria?
Pregnant women and infants are extremely vulnerable to malaria.
Q.5. What are the common symptoms of malaria?
The common symptoms of malaria – the life-threatening disease are:
- High fever.
- Severe illness.
- Respiratory distress.
- Nausea and vomiting.
This disease can also lead to death if the disease is not properly treated.