Mycology is the study of fungi and their unique relationships with other organisms and the environment. It deals with the genetic and biochemical properties of fungi and their importance in human lives.
Important Topics in Mycology
Fungi are eukaryotic organisms that belong to their own kingdom. They were initially included under kingdom Plantae. But recent researches have revealed that fungi are a separate lineage of eukaryotes which are distinguished by their cell wall structure.
Mycology is an important science in the agricultural industry. Fungi act as major pests for many crops but also live in symbiotic association with many plants and provide them with nutrition and water. Mycology helps to differentiate between useful and harmful fungi and how the crops with fungal infections can be treated.
Fungi produce various toxins that are harmful to other organisms. Most of the mushrooms produce toxins. While a few have medicinal properties. Yeat is another form of fungi which is used in brewing, distilling and bread making.
The study of fungi has focussed on various other applications of fungi including their property of alleviating radioactive waste. Fungi can also breakdown complex substances to produce carbon dioxide.
Fungi have been used as food, medicine, and a variety of other things. The field of mycology is really vast and can be understood further under the list of articles mentioned above.