Difference Between Algae And Fungi

Difference between algae And fungi are easy to comprehend. For instance, algae always needs to be present in water or near water. And they are closely related to plants – that is they use chlorophyll for photosynthesis. But they do lack well defined features like stems or roots like other typical land plants. Fungi on the other hand do not have this and they usually obtain nutrients from dead and decaying organisms. Some fungi are also parasitic in nature.

Algae And Fungi

Algae vs Fungi

Given the major difference between Algae And Fungi, you might be surprised to learn that certain fungi form a symbiotic relationship with algae. This composite organism is called a lichen. Lichens can produce its own food by photosynthesis through the presence of chlorophyll in the algae, and the fungi in return, provides a safe environment for the algae by shielding it from the sun’s UV rays.

Difference Between Algae And Fungi



The term originated from Latin and it means “Seaweed”

Originated in Latin and it means “mushroom”
Algae belong to the Kingdom Protista

Fungi were once classified under Kingdom Protista, but are now classified under their own kingdom – Fungi

Algae are autotrophic organisms

Are usually heterotrophic. They prefer dead organic matter.
Strictly exists in bodies of water or any environment with high moisture content

Found almost everywhere, including deserts and frigid environments

Are not parasitic

Some members are parasitic

Similarities between Algae and Fungi

Following are the important similarities between algae and fungi:

  • Both algae and fungi are thallophytes.
  • Vascular tissue is absent in both groups.
  • Algae and fungi are eukaryotes (exception blue-green algae).
  • Both are placed together in division thallophyta of cryptogams.
  • Both can reproduce by fragmentation.
  • Both can reproduce asexually.
  • Their reproductive organs do not have a protective covering.


Algae and Fungi belong to two separate kingdoms and they possess characteristics that aren’t common in either. But they do co-exist as a “composite organism” in the form of lichen.

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