The earth in which we all are living today is a gift of several resources which are everlasting. These resources are termed as the natural resources and are available from the time when the earth was inhabited. We all are depended on these resources some or the other way. These resources include water bodies including oceans, seas, river, ponds, and freshwater.
The rocks, land, soils, forests, animals, fossil fuels, and minerals. These resources are termed as natural resources and are the source of life present on earth. Natural Resources are classified into Renewable resources and Non-renewable resources
The resources which are used by mankind from the starting of human life. These type of resources are used by our ancestors used for their purposes of lighting, shelter, transportation, cooking, heating, protection from wild animals, etc. Renewable resources are also called as non-conventional sources of energy.
Few examples of renewable resources are sun, wind, tidal energy, forests, mountains, soil, water bodies, animals and wildlife resources, atmospheric resources and lot more.
The resources which cannot be easily replaced once they are destroyed are called as the Non-renewable resources.
Few examples of Non-renewable resources include a few species of plants and animals, minerals, fossil fuels, water, wind, land, soil, and rocks.
Now let’s have the major difference between Renewable Resources and Non-Renewable Resources.
Difference between Renewable and Non-renewable Resources
|Renewable Resources||Non-renewable Resources|
|This type of resources can be used over and over throughout its life.||This type of resources should be used limitedly.|
|Type of Sources|
|They are the energy resources which cannot be exhausted as they are present in unlimited quantity.||They are the energy resources which can be exhausted one day as they are present in a limited quantity only.|
|It is environment-friendly as the amount of carbon emission is low.||It is not environment-friendly as the amount of carbon emission is high.|
|The total cost of these resources is low.||The total cost of these resources is comparatively high.|
|Are pollution-free.||Are not pollution-free.|
|Very high maintenance cost.||Very low maintenance cost.|
|Requires a large land area for the installation of the power plant.||Requires less land area for the installation of the power plant.|
|Type of Resources|
|It is a type of sustainable resources.||It is a type of exhaustible resources.|
|Rate of Renewal|
|Is greater than the rate of consumption.||Is lower than the rate of consumption.|
|Causes no harm to life existing on the planet earth.||There is an adverse effect on human health by emitting smoke, radiations and other cancer-causing elements into the environment.|
|Sunlight, are examples of renewable resources.||Coal, petroleum, natural gases, batteries, are examples of non-renewable resources.|
For more details about the different sources of renewable and non-renewable resources, visit BYJU’S.