Difference between Renewable and Non-renewable Resources

The earth in which we all are living today is a gift of several resources which are everlasting. These resources are termed as the natural resources and are available from the time when the earth was inhabited. We all are depended on these resources some or the other way. These resources include water bodies including oceans, seas, river, ponds, and freshwater.

The land, soils, rocks, forests, animals, fossil fuels, and minerals. These resources are termed as natural resources and are the source of life present on earth. Natural Resources are classified into Renewable resources and Non-renewable resources

Renewable Resources

The resources which are used by mankind from the starting of human life. Our ancestors used these resources for lighting purposes, transportation, shelter, cooking, heating, protection from wild animals, etc. Renewable resources are also called as ‘Non-Conventional’ sources of energy.

Few examples of renewable resources are sun, wind, tidal energy, forests, mountains, soil, water bodies, animals and wildlife resources, atmospheric resources and lot more.

Non-Renewable Resources

The resources which cannot be easily replaced once they are destroyed are called as the Non-renewable resources.

Few examples of Non-renewable resources include few species of plants and animals, minerals, fossil fuels, water, wind, land, soil, and rocks.

Now let’s have the major difference between Renewable Resources and Non-Renewable Resources.

Difference between Renewable and Non-renewable Resources

Renewable Resources Non-renewable Resources
It can be used again and again throughout its life. It cannot be used again and again as it is limited which can be depleted one day.
They are the energy resources which cannot be exhausted. They are the energy resources which can be exhausted one day.
It is environment-friendly as the amount of carbon emission is low. It is not environment-friendly as the amount of carbon emission is high.
These resources are present in unlimited quantity. These resources are present in a limited quantity only.
The total cost of these resources is low. The total cost of these resources is comparatively high.
These resources are pollution free. These resources are not pollution free.
The maintenance cost of the renewable resources is very high. The maintenance cost of the renewable resources is low.
Requires large land area for the installation of the power plant. Requires less land area for the installation of the power plant.
It is sustainable It is exhaustible
The rate of renewal is greater than the rate of consumption. The rate of renewal is lower than the rate of consumption.
Causes no harm to life existing on the planet earth. Adversely affect the health of humans by emitting smoke, radiations, carcinogenic or cancer causing elements into the environment.
Sunlight, are the examples of renewable resources. Coal, petroleum, natural gases, batteries, are the examples of non-renewable resources

For more details about the different sources of renewable and non-renewable resources, visit BYJU’S.


Practise This Question

 Which of the following options represents the right sequence of stages in hydrarch succession ?

 I.   Meadow stage  
 II.  Reed swamp stage  
 III. Rooted submerged plant stage  
 IV. Phytoplankton stage     
 V.  Rooted floating plant stage