Biodiversity, also called as the biological diversity mainly refers to the number and variety of living species including terrestrial and marine, plants, animals, birds, reptiles, insects and microbes, living in an area. These living species depend on each other for food, and for other sources required for their survival. Biodiversity play a major role in the foundation of the ecosystem that critically contributes to human well-being.
Also Read: Biodiversity
Biodiversity conservation mainly deals with different measure applied to save life on Earth in all its forms and keeping natural ecosystem functioning and healthy.
There are two different methods of conserving biodiversity:
- In-situ biodiversity conservation
- Ex-Situ conservation methods
We should conserve biodiversity because:
- It is essential for all living species.
- Helps in pollination and plant growth.
- Provide food, air, water, wood, and shelter.
- Protects air, water, and other natural resources.
- Controls and regulates global climate conditions.
- Helps in the recycling of air, water, and food sources.
- It is of great importance to maintain stable ecosystems.
- Helps in maintaining the water cycle in the environment.
- It is very important for both living organisms and for the environment
- It helps in the formation of soil, controlling soil erosion, and adds fertility to the soil.
This was a brief introduction to biodiversity and its importance. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more in detail about the Biodiversity, its types, and its conservation.