National Parks And Sanctuaries

National Parks and Sanctuaries

India defines the diversity of wildlife with versatile attraction. It has a wide variety of wildlife with even a bigger diversity among the flora. About 4% of the land comes from the forest region. The Indian wildlife is best known for its rich and also diversified culture.

What are National Parks?

National parks aim to protect the wildlife and its environment. And furthermore, national parks are hosts to valuable resources. However, it is illegal to conduct any commercial activity in order to ensure the preservation of wildlife and its habitat.

India is a prime home having good biodiversity of about 7.6% of mammalian, 6.2% of reptilian, 12.6% of the avian, and 6.0% of flowering plant species, coming under the Indomalayan ecozone. Many eco-regions of our country like Shola forests exhibit high rates of endemism. The forests cover over the ranges from the tropical rainforest, the Western Ghats, and Northeast India to the coniferous forests in the Himalayan region.

The significant terrestrial ecosystem coming along the Indomalaya ecozone consists of temperate, polar, wet, dry regions for different kind of species to live. The species include elephant, tiger, cobra, crocodile, apes, sambar deer, spotted deer, rhinoceros, goats, lions along with different types of flora and faunas.

The Indian wildlife has around 99 world-recognized national parks, about 442 wildlife sanctuaries along with 13 tiger reserves coming in different states of the country. All these national parks and the wildlife reserves are been recognized by the IUCN or the International Union for the Conservation of Nature under the second categories of protected areas.

List of National Parks in India

As mentioned earlier, national parks provide a safe haven for wildlife away from civilization. Also, India has currently over 100 national parks distributed across the country stretching various biomes. The Hailey National Park is the first national park in India. It is an allurement the exemplary notion for the ecological conservation. The other national parks in India comprise of many endangered species and they include:

  • Bandipur National Park in Karnataka
  • Bandhavgarh National Park in Madhya Pradesh
  • Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary in Karnataka
  • Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala
  • Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand
  • Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary in Karnataka
  • Dudhwa National Park in Uttar Pradesh
  • Gir National Park and Sasan Gir Sanctuary in Gujarat
  • Hemis National Park in Jammu & Kashmir
  • Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh
  • Kaziranga National Park in Assam
  • Keoladeo Ghana National Park in Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  • Manas National Park in Assam
  • Nagarhole National Park in Karnataka
  • Panna National Park in Madhya Pradesh
  • Periyar National Park in Kerala.
  • Pench National Park in Madhya Pradesh
  • Ranthambore National Park in Rajasthan
  • Sariska National Park in Rajasthan
  • Sundarbans National Park in West Bengal
  • Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra
  • The Great Himalayan National Park in Himachal Pradesh

All these national parks define the homes for all the wildlife because of optimum environmental conditions with proper upbringing and breeding.

At first, many of the National Parks were wildlife sanctuaries. After the adoption of conservative measures by the Indian Government, there was a 30% rise in the number of tigers in the year 2015. These wildlife sanctuaries and national parks are the most visited areas in India that offer an unmatchable wilderness in various regions. The wildlife lovers and tourists say that they could find more oppotunities for sightseeing, safari tour, bird watching, angling, fishing, river crossing, camping, and tiger tours at distinct tiger reserves in India.

To make a better and rewarding wildlife experience to the tourists, these destinations are made much more extensive by the Wildlife Authority of India thus making them as better-known tourist spots having major attractions. There is also a provision of various kinds of accommodations such as resorts, hotels, lodges coming in close vicinity.

Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more in detail about the different National Parks and Sanctuaries in our country India.

Further Reading

Practise This Question

Identify the labelled parts from the following image.