Fibres produced by plants or animals are called natural fibres. The best examples of plant fibres are: linen and cotton. Examples of animal fibres are: wool and silk. They have natural colour. In case colouring is required then dying is very easy. Usually natural fabrics are comfortable to wear. It is environmentally friendly. On burning, it turns into ash. Limited use of these fibres when compared to synthetic fibres.
Man-made fibres created in laboratories are called synthetic fibres. Examples of synthetic fibres are acrylic, nylon and polyester. Colours can be added as per required. Colouring is difficult. These fabrics are not comfortable to wear when compared to natural fibres. It is not environmentally friendly because some fibres like polypropylene are harmful. On burning, it melts and gives out a chemical smell. These fibres are more durable than natural fibres.
To make you understand how natural and synthetic fibres are different from each other, here are some of the major differences between natural and synthetic fibres:
|Difference between Natural and Synthetic fibres|
|NATURAL FIBRES||SYNTHETIC FIBRES|
|Comes from nature||Man made fibres|
|Natural colour||Colour as per requirement is added in colour bath|
|During spinning process spinneret is not necessary||During spinning process spinneret is necessary for the production of filament|
|Chances of containing dust or impurities||No chance of any dust or impurities|
|Less durable than synthetic||More durable than natural|
These were some of the important differences between synthetic and natural fibres. To know the differences between other topics in chemistry you can register to BYJU’S or download our app for simple and interesting content. India’s largest k-12 learning app with top-notch teachers from across the nation with excellent teaching skills. Find notes, question papers for other subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Biology and various competitive exams as well.