What is Synthetic Fibre?
Synthetic fibres are man-made fibres, most of them are prepared from raw material (petroleum) called petrochemicals. All fabrics are obtained from fibres, while fibres are obtained from artificial or man-made sources. They consist of a small unit or a polymer which is made from many repeating units known as monomers.
This fibre finds its applications in household articles like ropes, bucket, furniture, etc. Following are some of the most commonly used synthetic fibres:
Know more about Classifications of Fibers
- This is a type of synthetic fibre obtained from wood pulp.
- Rayon is soft, absorbent and comfortable.
- It is easy to dye in a wide range of colours.
- Rayon is mixed with cotton to make bedsheets.
- Rayon is mixed with wool to make carpets.
- This type of synthetic fibre is obtained from coal, water and air.
- Nylon is very lustrous, easy to wash and elastic.
- It dries quickly and retains its shape.
- Nylon finds its application in seat belts of car, sleeping bags, socks, ropes, etc.
- Nylon is also used in ropes for rock climbing, making parachutes and fishing nets.
- This type of synthetic fibre is obtained from coal, water, air and petroleum.
- Polyester is made from repeating units of a chemical known as esters.
- Polyester is easy to wash and it remains wrinkle-free and it is quite suitable in making dress material.
- Polyester retains its shape and remains crisp.
- Polyester is used in making ropes, nets, raincoats, jackets, etc.
Advantages of Synthetic fibres
- Synthetic fibres are very durable and do not wrinkle easily
- They are elastic and can be easily stretched out
- They are strong and can sustain the heavy load.
- They are soft and hence used in clothing material.
- They are cheaper as compared to natural fibres.
Disadvantages of synthetic fibres
- Most synthetic fibres do not absorb moisture.
- Synthetic fibre can be affected if washed using hot water.
- They catch fire easily as compared to natural fibre.
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