K2CrO4 - Potassium Chromate

Potassium chromate is an inorganic compound with the formula K2CrO4. A yellow crystalline solid is potassium chromate. It’s water-soluble. The main hazard is the environmental danger. Immediate measures to restrict its spread to the setting should be taken. It is used as a fungicide in chemical analysis, making pigments for paints and inks, and creating other compounds of chromium.

Potassium chromate substance is a recognized human cancer and is linked with an enhanced danger of developing sinonasal cavity lung cancer and cancer. Upon heating, it undergoes decomposition and emits toxic fumes of potassium oxide.

What is Potassium Chromate?

K2CrO4 is an inorganic compound with a chemical name potassium chromate. It is also known as dipotassium monochromate or bipotassium chromate. It appears as a crystalline solid which is yellow in colour. It has no smell and has a disagreeable bitter taste. When potassium chromate is heated it emits chromium fumes that are toxic.

When you come in contact with this inorganic compound, it can affect your throat, lungs, nose, causing ulcerations, bronchitis, shortness of breath, asthma, and pneumonia. It can also affect your kidneys, liver, immune system and gastrointestinal tract. It consists of chromate and potassium ion in ratio 1:2. It is a widely used laboratory chemical. It is a strong oxidizing agent and is highly corrosive.

Properties of Potassium Chromate – K2CrO4

K2CrO4 Potassium chromate
Molecular Weight/ Molar Mass 194.1896 g/mol
Density 2.7320 g/cm³
Boiling Point 1,000°C
Melting Point 968°C

Potassium chromate can be produced by treating potassium dichromate along with potassium hydroxide. The most common oxidation state of chromium is +2, +3 and +6 and the electronic configuration of chromium 3d54s1 and the atomic number is 24. Potassium chromate is a powerful oxidizing agent and is extremely corrosive. This material is used in the production of colourants and in procedures of textile dyeing. The chemical formula for potassium chromate is K2CrO4.

Potassium Chromate Structure – K2CrO4

Potassium Chromate Structure

K2CrO4 Uses (Potassium Chromate)

The uses of potassium chromate are listed below.

  • It is used as an oxidizing agent during organic synthesis.
  • It is used in the qualitative inorganic analysis to detect the ions in aqueous solution.
  • It is used in the manufacture of dyes.
  • It is used in precipitation titrations as an indicator.
  • It is used in the textile dyeing process.
  • It is used in making inks and pigments for paints.
  • It is used as a fungicide.
  • It is used to make several other chromium compounds.
  • It is used in the leaching process.

Potassium chromate is a known human carcinogen and it is associated with an increased risk to develop cancer of the sinonasal cavity and lung cancer.

Potassium Chromate Indicator

Potassium chromate is a metalochrome indicator. Quantitative estimation of chloride, bromide and cyanide ions by titrating with a standard solution of silver nitrate with a few ml of potassium chromate as indicator forms the basis of Mohr’s method. At the equivalence point, the yellow coloured solution of potassium chromate changes to a brick red precipitate of silver chromate.

When potassium chromate is used as an indicator, after the extinction of chloride ions, silver ions react with chromate ions and solubility product of silver chromate is exceeded and it begins to form a reddish-brown precipitate

In precipitation titration a known volume of halide solution taken in a conical flask to which 1-2ml of potassium chromate indicator is added, and titrated against a standard solution of silver nitrate taken in the burette. The indicator forms a red coloured precipitate of silver chromate at the endpoint with the first drop of excess silver nitrate added.

Learn more about the chemical behaviour and importance of K2CrO4 from the expert faculties at BYJU’S.

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