Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Types of compounds

Compounds are said to be of two types namely:

  1. Organic compounds

  2. Inorganic compounds

Organic vs Inorganic Compounds

Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds

Organic and inorganic compounds form one of the primary basis for chemistry. The study of organic compounds is termed as organic chemistry and the study of inorganic compounds is inorganic chemistry. These are said to be one of the large class of members. The primary difference that lies between these organic compounds and inorganic compounds is that organic compounds always have a carbon atom while most of the inorganic compounds do not contain the carbon atom in them. Almost all the organic compounds contain the carbon-hydrogen or a simple C-H bond in them.

The most common fact that differentiates organic compounds from inorganic compounds is that the organic compounds mainly result from activities of a living being. Whereas, inorganic compounds are obtained from the natural processes which are not related to any of the life forms on earth or any result of human experiments which are conducted in laboratories.

The difference between organic and inorganic compounds does not end with the presence or the absence of carbon atoms in them. These have characteristics of both the types of compounds which are said to be different.

Difference Between Organic and Inorganic Compounds


Organic Compounds

Inorganic Compounds

1. Organic compounds are characterized by the presence of carbon atoms in them Most inorganic compounds do not have carbon atoms in them (some exceptions do exist)
2. Organic compounds consisting of hydrogen, oxygen, carbon, and their other derivatives They do not possess hydrogen or oxygen and their derivatives
3. Organic compounds are said to be more volatile and also highly inflammable These compounds are not inflammable and are non-volatile in nature
4. These compounds exist in the form of Solids, gases, and liquids. These exist as solids
5. These are insoluble in water These are soluble in water and also non-soluble in some of the organic solutions.
6. These compounds have the carbon-hydrogen bonds These do not have the carbon-hydrogen bonds
7. Organic compounds are mainly found in most of the living things These compounds are found in non-living things
8. Organic compounds form covalent bonds Inorganic compounds form ionic bonds between the atoms of molecules
9. In most of the aqueous solutions, these are poor conductors of heat and electricity In aqueous solutions, these are known to be good conductors of heat and electricity
10. Examples of organic compounds include fats, nucleic acids, sugars, enzymes, proteins, and hydrocarbon fuels The example for inorganic compounds includes non-metals, salts, metals, acids, bases, substances which are made from single elements
11. These have high melting and boiling points These have low melting and boiling points compared to organic compounds
12 These are biological and more complex in nature These are of mineral and not much complexity in nature
13 Organic compounds cannot make salts Inorganic compounds can make salts
14 The rate of reaction is slow in organic compounds Inorganic compounds have a high rate of reaction

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