Nominal and Real GDP

Gross domestic product (GDP) defines the economic worth of products and services manufactured in a country in a definite financial year. It also accounts for the revenue received by foreign citizens locally and the insufficient income earned by the country’s residents abroad.

Whenever the measurement of GDP is at current values, it represents the nominal GDP and the real GDP is evaluated at fixed prices.

Both the GDPs are financial tools for estimating a nation’s economic development and growth. However, there is still some confusion on identifying the GDP that indicates a nation’s development in a better way. This article will look into the variations between nominal and real GDPs.

Also Check: Relationship between GDP and Welfare

Nominal GDP Definition

Nominal gross domestic product is GDP that is evaluated at the present market prices. GDP is the financial equivalent of all the complete products and services generated within a nation in a definite time.

The nominal varies from the real and incorporates changes in cost prices due to an increase in the complete cost price. Generally, economists utilise a gross domestic factor to change the nominal GDP to the real GDP, which is also known as current dollar GDP or chained dollar GDP.

Quick link: MCQ on GDP Deflator

Real GDP Definition

Real GDP is an inflation-adjusted calculation that analyses the rate of all commodities and services manufactured in a country for a fixed year. It is expressed in foundation year prices and referred to as a fixed cost price.

It is also known as inflation-corrected GDP or constant price GDP. The real GDP is regarded as a reliable indicator of a nation’s economic growth as it solely considers production and is free from currency fluctuations.

Also, explore:

Economics Sample Paper Class 11

 Economics Sample Paper Class 12

 This article is ready reckoner for all the students to learn the difference between Nominal and Real GDP.

Parameters Nominal GDP Real GDP
Meaning The aggregate financial business value manufactured within a country is known as nominal GDP. The measure of GDP was modified according to the changes in the general price level.
What is it? Inflation without GDP Inflation-adjusted GDP
Communicated in Present year prices Beginning year prices or regular prices
Worth High Low
Uses Compares different quarters of a particular year Compares two or more financial years
Financial growth Analysing is not easy Measures economic growth in an excellent manner

 The above-mentioned concept explains what is Nominal and Real GDP. To know more, stay tuned to our website.

Important Topics in Economics


Leave a Comment

Your Mobile number and Email id will not be published.



  1. I am facing difficulties in thres two terms i refer lots of advance books two understand the।meaning but when i read article on byjus then i had conceptual clearity thank you byjus