World Metrology Day

Each year on 20th May, World Metrology Day is commemorated all across the world. It commemorates the signing of the renowned Metre Convention in Paris, France, in the year of 1875. On this day, various countries throughout the world join to raise awareness of metrology and any advancements in the subject.

The topic has a high probability of being asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

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History of World Metrology Day

Following the signing of the historic metre treaty in France in the year of 1875, the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) as well as the International Organisation of Legal Metrology (OIML) were established to ensure that National Metrology institutes around the world worked together to advance the science of units and measurements. Each organisation has a vital role to perform. BIPM coordinates measurement comparisons, whilst OIML formulates any recommendations or proposals in this regard. The International Organisation of Legal Metrology (OIML) additionally undertakes a systematic OIML Certification System (OIML-CS).

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.

Significance

The contribution of persons involved in field metrology on a national or worldwide scale is recognised on World Metrology Day. The “Treaty of Metre” establishes a globally consistent system of measurement that underpins scientific research and development, industrial manufacture, and global trade, as well as the enhancement of human well-being and environmental protection. Each year, 17 representative countries from around the world gather to commemorate this significant day. The International Organisation of Legal Metrology (OIML) and the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) jointly organise World Metrology Day. Both of these organisations ensure that worldwide measurements are conducted smoothly and that the results are accurate.

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