Every year on May 8th, World Thalassemia Day is commemorated. The day honours those who have struggled with this genetic ailment and raises awareness regarding the disease as well as its symptoms. This worldwide commemoration also recognises the long standing efforts of doctors and other medical personnel dedicated to improving the lives of those suffering from the disease, as well as scientists working to eradicate the disease through new breakthroughs.
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What is Thalassemia?
It is a blood condition that is passed along from parents to their offspring. The treatment for thalassaemia disease varies depending on the kind and severity of the condition. The body’s ability to manufacture haemoglobin as well as red blood cells is harmed with this condition. Alternatively, a person with thalassaemia disease will also have a small number of red blood cells and little or no haemoglobin. Its effects might range from moderate to severe, and it can even be fatal. Mediterranean, South Asian, and African origin are the most common carriers of this disease.
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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.
Thalassemia is a blood condition that runs in families and is passed down from parents to their offsprings. The condition lowers the body’s haemoglobin count and interferes with the synthesis of red blood cells. The seriousness of the condition is determined by the Thalassemia kind.
When 2 people with the condition conceive a child, the child’s chances of acquiring a more severe disorder rise. The day is commemorated to promote awareness of the condition, its symptoms, and causes. This global campaign aims to raise awareness among young people about the importance of consulting a doctor prior to planning a child in order to prevent the spread of HIV. It’s also used to dispel myths and misconceptions about the disease, as well as emphasise the significance of vaccination.
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