World Theatre Day

The 27th of March is designated as World Theatre Day. World Theatre Day was first observed in the year of 1962 by the International Theatre Institute (ITI), the world’s largest performing arts organisation. This day is commemorated by a number of institutions. On this day, ITI posts performance footage from its various centres around the world to its official website.

The topic can be asked as a Current Affairs Question in IAS Prelims and Mains.

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History of World Theatre Day

The International Theatre Institute (ITI) established World Theatre Day in the year of 1961. Jean Cocteau wrote the World Theatre Day Message in 1962. Since then, every year on 27th March (date of the initiation of the 1962 “Theatre of Nations” season in Paris). ITI has over 85 locations across the world, and it encourages colleges, schools, and theatre professionals to commemorate this day.

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Objectives of World Theatre Day

  • Fostering theatre in all of its forms around the world.
  • Increasing public awareness of the importance of theatre in all of its forms. Providing opportunities for theatrical communities to publicise their work on a large scale, so that authorities and opinion leaders recognise and support the worth and significance of dance in all of its manifestations.
  • Taking pleasure in theatre in all of its forms for the sake of it.
  • Sharing my enthusiasm for the theatre with others.

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Note: IAS exam could ask basic facts about this topic as it holds international as well as domestic importance.

Significance

Since the Greeks, theatre has been one of the most important types of entertainment. It is a fusion of several types of fine arts in which live performers, actors, or actresses present to a live audience regarding their real-life experiences in a specific location or on a stage. The significance of theatrical arts, their function in the sphere of entertainment, as well as the transformations that theatre brings to life are all highlighted on this day.

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