The Indian Police Service is a prestigious service in India. It is one of the three all-India services in the country. After clearing the UPSC civil services, one can get into the IPS and serve in the country’s police force. A fresh recruit gets training first before entering the service. Read on to know all about the training received by a newly-recruited IPS officer.
There are four parts to the training imparted to the IPS recruits:
- Foundation Course (3 months): LBSNAA, Mussoorie
- Phase I training (Basic Course – 11 months): Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA), Hyderabad
- District Practical Training (6 months): at the respective cadre
- Phase II training (1 month): Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA), Hyderabad
The foundation course is held at the LSBNAA together with all the other civil services recruits. Then they move on to the phase I part of the training. This is also called the Basic Course. This is conducted at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA or just NPA) at Hyderabad.
The chief aim of the basic course is to build capacity for the probationers to meet the unique challenges in the field. The objectives of the basic course are:
- Build capacity through the matrix of sensitization, orientation and competency.
- Impart professional knowledge and understanding.
- Develop professional, organizational and community skills.
- Nurture human values, right attitudes and appropriate behaviour in professional and personal life and to inculcate sensitivity.
- Develop overall personality (character, self-discipline, habits, soft skills, norms, etiquette, values, etc.).
- Transform the probationers into leaders of police stations and police districts.
The subjects included in the basic course are as follows:
Compulsory Indoor Subjects for IPS:
- Police in Modern India
- Indian Evidence Act, 1872
- Indian Penal Code, 1860
- Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
- Special Laws
- Crime Prevention & Criminology
- Forensic Medicine
- Forensic Science (Theory and Practicals)
- Maintenance of Public Peace and Order
- Internal Security
- Police Leadership and Management
- Ethics and Human Rights
- Information & Communication Technology
Compulsory Indoor Subjects:
- Physical Fitness (PT, athletics, gymnasium, sports, cross country races up to 20 km)
- Unarmed combat
- Field Craft & Tactics and Map Reading (ambush setting, counter-ambush maneuvers, use of terrain for tactical movement, setting up counter-insurgency camps, map-reading, movement with and without the aid of GPS, Route marches up to 40 km with full battle load, handling explosives, etc.)
- Equitation (horse riding)
- First Aid and Ambulance Drill
The lessons also include rock climbing, assault training and weapons training (assembling/disassembling, handling and firing of revolvers, pistols, machine guns, rifles, mortars, grenades, etc.)
Optional subjects for IPS training:
- Police Telecommunications and Control Room Operations
- Regional language (depending on the cadre)
- Motor Mechanism and Driving