“Our language is the reflection of ourselves. A language is an exact reflection of the character and growth of its speakers.”- Cesar Chavez
By securing the first top ranks in the UPSC civil services examination with Malayalam optional the Candidates those who were born and brought up in Kerala, has exploded several myths revolving around the Civil Services Examination.
The common misconception is that unless they originate from English talking, advanced and wealthy families, get ready at a young age, get taught in a top-notch school, go to a coaching class in Delhi or the metro urban areas, the civil service aspirants cannot make it to the Civil services.
The Civil Service Examination became tough after the change of exam pattern and rose of age limit. The upper age limit rose from 23 to 32 and the chances increased from 2 to 6. Earlier it was the monopoly of arts and humanities graduates. But the changes in examination enabled doctors, engineers, IIT and IIM graduates to a great extent. The new UPSC Civil Services Exam Syllabus is giving a wonderful opportunity for Civil Service aspirants to take Malayalam as an optional and score maximum marks in the Civil Services Main Examination.
What makes Malayalam popular?
Malayalam is a well-known choice in the UPSC Civil Services examination. The syllabus of Malayalam is well defined and it is very short. This meticulously designed syllabus is the main attraction of this optional. If you go through the syllabus, you can find most of the poems and stories covered in UPSC Civil Services Syllabus are already covered in school and college days.
A civil service aspirant can score high marks in the main examination with this subject. The candidate doesn’t require high scholarly knowledge in Malayalam to crack IAS. A capable Faculty and thorough reading can help you to crack the civil services examination by simplifying the subject based upon the knowledge level of the candidate.
Syllabus of Malayalam optional
Malayalam Paper I
Early phase of Malayalam Language:
- Various theories: origin from proto Dravidian, Tamil, Sanskrit.
- Relation between Tamil and Malayalam: Six nayas of A.R. Rajarajavarma.
- Pattu school-definition, Ramacharitam, later pattu works-Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
Linguistic features of:
- Manipravalam-definition. Language of early manipravala works-Champu, Sandesakavya, Chandrotsava, minor works. Later Manipravala works-medieval Champu and Attakkatha.
- Folklore-Southern and Northern ballads, Mappila songs.
- Early Malayalam prose-Bhashakautaliyam, Brahmandapuranam, Attaprakaram, Kramadipika and Nambiantamil.
Standardization of Malayalam
- Peculiarities of the language of Pana, Kilippattu and Tullal.
- Contributions of indigenous and European missionaries to Malayalam.
- Characteristics of contemporary Malayalam: Malayalam as administrative language. Language of scientific and technical literature-media language.
Ancient and Medieval Literature:
- Pattu-Ramacharitam, Niranam works and Krishnagatha.
- Manipravalam-early and medieval manipravala works including attakkatha and champu.
- Folk literature.
- Kilippattu, Tullal and Mahakavya.
- Venmani poets and contemporaries.
- The advent of Romanticism-Poerty of Kavitraya i.e., Asan, Ulloor and Vallathol
- Poetry after Kavitraya.
- Modernism in Malayalam poetry.
- Short story
- Biography, travelogue, essay and criticism.
Malayalam Paper II
- Kannassaramayanam-Balakandam first 25 stanzas.
- Unnunilisandesam-Purvabhagam 25 slokas including Prastavana
- Mahabharatham Kilippattu-Bhishmaparvam.,
- Kumaran Asan-Chintavisthayaya Sita.
- Sankara Kurup-Perunthachan.
- V. Krishna Variar-Tivandiyile Pattu.
- ONV -Bhumikkoru Charamagitam
- Ayyappa Panicker-Kurukshetram.
- Akkittam-Paudatha Messanthi
- Attur Ravivarma-Megharupan.
- Chanthu Menon-Indulekha
- V Vijayan-Khasakkinte Ithihasam.
- MT Vasudevan Nair-Vanaprastham (Collection).
- N S Madhavan-Higvitta (Collection).
- Thomas-1128-il Crime 27.
- Kuttikrishna Marar- Bharataparyatanam
- K Sanu-Nakshatrangalute snehabhajanam
- T. Bhattathirippad-Kannirum Kinavum.
Malayalam optional Paper I and Paper II
- Malayalam Paper I– Paper I is theoretical in nature. Deep reading and understanding about the characteristics of language, it origin etc will help you to tackle the Paper I easily. Reading Malayalam weekly and recommended book will help you to create a wide idea about the language history.
- Malayalam Paper II– Paper II deals with interesting pieces of works. Most of them have already studied some of the stories, poems mentioned in the syllabus. This will ease the process of learning. As it deals with interesting stories and thoughts, the candidate never gets bored.
- To tackle these two paper candidate should develop high writing and reading skill. Without answer writing practice it is very hard to crack the Civil service main examination.
- Making short notes, appreciation, noting important annotation will help you to design a perfect answer.
- For Malayalam paper II, one also has to read the critical reviews of the works mentioned in the syllabus to increase the quality of the answers.
- Referring and Civil services main examination solving previous year question paper will help you to find repeated question, pattern, trend and the nature of questions asked.
Click here for the UPSC Civil Services Previous years question Paper
Sources for Malayalam optional/Malayalam books for civil service exam
- Read all the novels, short-stories, Biographies in Paper II before starting your preparation for optional.
- These books will help the candidate to build strong idea in Paper I
- Kairaliyude Kadha- M. Krishna Pillai
- Malayala Sahithya Charithram- Kalaghattangalilude -: Erumeli
- Malayalam daily and any weekly which discuss the contemporary issues in literature world like Bhashaposhini magazine (relevant editions)