UPSC Exam Preparation: Topic of the Day – National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC)
The government set up the National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) in 2018 for maintaining a comprehensive water resources data. NWIC would function as the single window source of updated data on water resources in the country.
The NWIC would also work with prominent Indian and international research institutes for providing technical support to the state and central organizations that deal with water emergency response of hydrological extremes.
- It would be a repository of nation-wide water resources data
- It would work as a Subordinate Office under the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
- NWIC would be headed by a Joint Secretary level officer.
- It will provide latest and reliable water data (other than classified data) through web-based India Water Resources Information System (India-WRIS) on a GIS platform in Public Domain.
- It is a component of National Hydrology Project and also in consonance with the National Water Mission which has an objective of “conservation of water, minimizing wastage and ensuring its more equitable distribution through integrated water resources development and management”
National Water Informatics Centre Merits
- With the single window source of the updated data, it will be easier to take a decision even on settling interstate river water sharing dispute .
- A comprehensive “Water Resources Information System” (WRIS) in the public domain will help in generating awareness and involvement of all concerned, for effective integrated water resources management.
- It can offer value-added services and products to all stakeholders for managing and developing in sustainable manner water resources in India.
- It will help in scientific assessment, monitoring, modeling and Decision Support System (DSS) of Water resources.
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