UPSC 2017: Best of PIB - April 06

Water Management Index 
  • Has been developed by NITI Aayog
  • It is a tool to assess and further improve the performance in efficient management of water resources
  • The index would provide useful information for the States and also for the concerned Central Ministries/Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources
  • The Index has 28 key Performance Indicators (KPIs) covering irrigation status, drinking water and other water-related sectors
  • It is targeted to prepare the index for States/Union Territories from the current financial year (2017-18)


Cabinet approves closure of Mahatma Gandhi Pravasi Suraksha Yojana 
  • The closure has been approved by the cabinet
  • The reasons for the closure are that the subscriptions have been very low and in the last one year no new subscriptions have been done


  • Was set up in 2012
  • It is a Pension and Life Insurance fund scheme
  • It is for the Overseas Indian workers having Emigration Check Required (ECR) passports

The objectives of MGPSY are

  • Save for their Return and Resettlement (R&R)
  • Save for their old age
  • Obtain a Life Insurance cover against natural death during the period of coverage.

ECR Passports

  • As per the Emigration Act, 1983, Emigration Check Required (ECR) categories of Indian passport holders, require to obtain “Emigration Clearance” from the office of Protector of Emigrants (POE), Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs for going to 18 countries for employment purposes
  • The 18 countries are – United Arab Emirates (UAE), The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Qatar, Oman, Kuwait, Bahrain, Malaysia, Libya, Jordan, Yemen, Sudan, Afghanistan, Indonesia, Syria, Lebanon, Thailand, Iraq


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