What is Intel?
Intel is an abbreviation for Integrated Electronics. The American tech company and multinational corporation, Intel Corporation, has its headquarter in Santa Clara, Silicon Valley, California. Robert Noyce invented Intel. This corporation developed the Intel 8086 – the first x86 processor. On a scale of 1-10, all the Intel processors range from 4-10. Almost all of them come with iGPU, and they have a commendable CPU performance.
The Intel processors clock higher than the AMD ones- but they consume a lot higher power and cost the device longer battery life. Thus, this processor is viable for devices like laptops that need single-core boosts and short workloads where the battery life is not a primary concern. If a user wants to change the motherboard, the processor, or the socket’s compatibility in a desktop, Intel offers very few options as compared to AMD. It is due to frequent changes in the motherboard and chipset.
For example- Intel Core m series, Intel Core i series, Intel Xeon, etc.
What is AMD?
AMD is an abbreviation for Advanced Micro Devices. AMD is a multinational company that is American, based in Santa Clara, California. John Carey, Jack Gifford, and Jerry Sanders invented it. This company began to supply x86 processors in the form of second-source manufacturers. They thus became the competitors of Am386. Considering a range of scale from 1-10, the AMD processors fall under the range of 5-10. They are comparatively cheaper than any Intel Processors in a similar range.
The AMD processors are way more efficient than the current-gen Core series. The APUs of AMD are also a commendable option because they offer a great CPU performance and better iGPU performance compared to the Core i series. All the laptops that have Ryzen processors often have a lower clocking, and they are less aggressive than the laptops with Intel processors. They have longer battery life. Thus, whenever a user prefers a longer battery life and higher iGPU performance than the Core i series, the Ryzen powered laptops are a better option. Although, if you are building a new Desktop PC, you must avoid the older A-series APUs and FX series because they consume more power and produce more heat.
In the case of devices like desktops and mobiles, where a person uses them for day-to-day purposes and gaming, the Ryzen APU is the best option. For some heavy tasks such as 3D modeling, video editing, and more, the Threadripper or Ryzen 7 or 9 CPUs are preferable. In the case of Ryzen AMUs and CPUs on the AM4 platform, a user needs to check the motherboard chipset for support- otherwise, the PC may not proceed to boot. But one can resolve it with motherboards that have USB BIOS flashing for their newer processors.
For example- AMD Threadripper, AMD Ryzen, AMD EPYC, AMD FX-Series. AMD Athlon 64, AMD Opteron.
Note – This article does not include the successor to Zen 3 and the release of Alder Lake.
Difference Between Intel and AMD
|Cost Efficiency||Intel processors are less expensive compared to the AMD ones at the lower range.||AMD processors are less expensive compared to the Intel ones at the higher range.|
|Heating||It may heat up when someone uses it with a Clock Speed Boost of 14nm.||The AMD processor generally stays cooler than Intel due to its small lithography. The TSMC 7nm is very similar to the Intel 10nm.|
|Efficiency||Intel is way more efficient compared to AMD processors.||AMD is not very efficient as compared to the Intel processors.|
|iGPU||In the case of Intel, it has iGPU in almost all the Core i series (excluding the Core i F-series).||In the case of AMD, it has iGPU only in the AMD APU series. The GPU performance here is higher than the Intel iGPU.|
|Clock Speed||Intel’s Clock speed can reach and surpass 5.0 GHz.||AMD’s Clock speed may reach 5.0 GHz. But in this case, it produces more heat.|
|Multiprocessing capabilities||Intel possesses symmetric multiprocessing capabilities that can go up to 4 sockets/ 28 cores.||AMD possesses symmetric multiprocessing capabilities that can go up to 8 sockets/ 128 cores.|
|IPC||The Intel (Rocket Lake) IPC is lower than that of (Zen 3) AMD.||The (Zen 3) AMD IPC is higher than that of (Rocket Lake) Intel.|
Keep learning and stay tuned to get the latest updates on GATE Exam along with GATE Eligibility Criteria, GATE 2023, GATE Admit Card, GATE Application Form, GATE Syllabus, GATE Cut off, GATE Previous Year Question Paper, and more.