Scripting Vs. Programming Languages: Know What is the Difference Between Scripting and Programming Languages
What is a Scripting Language?
- Generally, a scripting language is interpreted. It doesn’t primarily focus on building applications- but it can render behavior to an application that already exists. It basically helps in writing codes for targeting a software system. Thus, it can also automate a given operation on any software system. So basically, scripts act as a set of instructions that target any software system.
- The scripting languages have eventually evolved and become more powerful. They now no longer create minute scripts for automating a software system’s operations. One can also use scripting languages for building rich applications. These can customize, manipulate, and automate an existing system’s facilities. The scripting languages come with a mechanism that exposes functionality to the program control.
What is a Programming Language?
- One needs to compile the programming languages to machine code so as to run them on the hardware of an underlying OS (operating system). A user needs to deploy a certain Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for using programming languages. A programmer needs to provide an instruction set for the computers for achieving certain goals. One can also implement certain algorithms by writing the programs.
- Out of all the programming languages present in the market, specific documentation dominates a majority of them. All the other languages comprise dominant implementation (treated as a reference). An example here is that the ISO standard associates with the C programming language. On the other hand, languages like Perl belong to the latter category.
- One can use a programming language for transforming data. It basically happens when creating those CPU instructions that jot down the input info into the output. An example here is using a set of conditions for solving an equation set. One can consider various programming languages such as C, C++, Scala, Java, etc., as general-purpose languages. These fall under the compiled programming languages. You must add some texts to write the score code, and then you can run them through a compiler. As a result, it would create various binary instructions.
Difference Between Scripting and Programming Languages
|Parameters||Scripting Language||Programming Language|
|Language Type||The scripting languages are interpreter-based languages.||The programming languages are compiler-based languages.|
|Use||The scripting languages help in combining the existing components of an application.||The programming languages help in developing anything from scratch.|
|Running of Language||A user needs to run scripting languages inside an existing program. Thus, it’s program-dependent.||Programming languages are program-independent.|
|Conversion||Scripting languages convert high-level instructions into machine language.||Programming languages help in converting the full program into the machine language (at once).|
|Compilation||You don’t need to compile these languages.||These languages first need a compilation.|
|Design||These make the coding process simple and fast.||These provide full usage of the languages.|
|File Type||Scripting languages don’t create any file types.||Programming languages create .exe files.|
|Complexity||These are very easy to use and easy to write.||These are pretty complex in terms of writing and usage.|
|Type of Coding||Scripting languages help write a small piece of an entire code.||Programming languages help write the full code concerning a program.|
|Developing Time||These take less time because they involve lesser code.||These take more time because a programmer must write the entire code.|
|Interpretation||We usually interpret a scripting language in another program.||The compile results of a programming language are stand-alone. No other program needs to interpret it.|
|Requirement of Host||Scripting languages require hosts for execution.||Programming languages are self-executable. They don’t require any host.|
|Length of Codes||These involve very few and short coding lines.||These require numerous lines of coding for a single function.|
|Support||These provide limited support to data types, user interface design, and graphic design.||These provide rich support for graphic design, data types, and user interface design.|
|Maintenance||These involve very low maintenance.||These involve high maintenance.|
|Cost||It is easier and cheaper to maintain a scripting language.||Maintaining a programming language is comparatively more expensive.|
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