Difference Between XHTML and HTML5

XHTML VS HTML5: Explore What is the Difference between XHTML and HTML5

Extensible HyperText Markup Language (XHTML) and the latest HyperText Markup Language (HTML5) format are both markup languages used in web design and to create web pages. Many people may find these terms to be confusing. In this article, an attempt has been made to find the description for both these terms. Understand their comparison and the difference between XHTML and HTML5.

The two markup languages discussed in this article are:

  • XHTML
  • HTML5

What is an XHTML?

Extensible HyperText Markup Language (XHTML) is an extension of HTML and XML, also featuring combined specifications from both. This markup language is also used to create and display web pages. It was developed by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and was released in 2000. With a well-structured, consistent format, XHTML pages can also be easily edited and formatted and easily maintained.

What is HTML5?

HTML5 is a newer version of the HyperText Markup Language (HTML) and is considered as an extension of SGML. HTML5 enables JavaScript operations and is used in web page creation and links them from one to the other. It is a widely used markup language on the internet.

What is the Difference Between XHTML and HTML5?

XHTML is a combination of HTML and XML, while HTML5 is a version of HTML. XHTML has its own parsing requirements, while HTML does not have any specific requirements and uses its own. Know more about what is the difference between XHTML and HTML5 from the table below.

Difference Between XHTML and HTML5

XHTML HTML5
Extensible HyperText Markup Language Later version of HyperText Markup Language
More extensive doc Much simple than XHTML
Every element should have the corresponding ending tag Closing tag can be omitted if required
No tags are used for header, footer, section, article, nav, and divs with classes; instead, ids have to be used Tags are used for header, footer, section, article, and ​nav, thus making it easier to write and read code
Is case-sensitive Not case-sensitive
Does not support any Geo-Location API Includes an API that enable the users to share their location
Internet Explorer 8 Browser does not support this Is compatible with all browsers
Better suited for desktop computers More compatible with mobile devices — smartphones and tablets

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