CLAT Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2024

As per the Consortium of National Law Universities, the CLAT syllabus for undergraduate and postgraduate students includes five sections, including English language, general knowledge, legal reasoning, quantitative techniques, and logical reasoning.

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The Post-graduate level syllabus for CLAT is based on the subjects covered in the CLAT LLM syllabus. The Common Law Admission Test will be activated after the release of application form and notification and candidates can apply for it post that. Aspirants can expect the release of the CLAT application form 2024 tentatively in July-August 2023. If you are an aspirant who wants to appear for CLAT 2024, you should check out the details shared in the document below.

In this article, we shall discuss at length the syllabus for the common law test. Candidates must review the details and the subject-wise syllabus and accordingly start off with their preparation.

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CLAT 2024 Exam Pattern

The CLAT 2024 exam pattern can be expected to be the same as previous year as there are no changes updated since last year. Previous year also, there was no change in CLAT exam pattern.

CLAT exam Details
Time duration 2 hours
Mode Offline mode (pen paper-based mode)
Question type Objective type
Number of questions CLAT UG – 150 questions
CLAT PG – 120 questions
Total marks UG CLAT- 150 marks
CLAT PG – 120 marks
Marking scheme +1 will be rewarded for each correct answer, 0.25 marks will be deducted for each incorrect answer.
Medium of Exam English

Aspirants should be well-versed in CLAT exam pattern 2024 to score well in the exam. This gives an overall idea of difficulty level of exam, marking scheme and type of questions in the exam.

CLAT 2024 Syllabus

It is crucial for candidates appearing for the CLAT exam to understand the syllabus so that they can appear for the exam with complete preparation. Candidates can also refer to the CLAT 2023 for an idea about the topics covered in the exam. As mentioned above, there are broadly five different sections asked in the exam. Every section in the exam carries equal weightage and the information about the same is shared below.

To check the syllabus and exam details for the other government exams, candidates can visit the linked article.

CLAT Syllabus 2024 – Section-wise Distribution of Questions

Subjects Number of Questions Marks
English Language 28-32 questions 28-32
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 35-39 questions 35-39
Legal Reasoning 35-39 questions 35-39
Logical Reasoning 28-32 questions 28-32
Quantitative Techniques 13-17 questions 13-17
Total 150 150

Based on the CLAT 2023 syllabus, students can get a fair idea about the section-wise details of the CLAT exam for the undergraduate level exam 2024. The pattern is based on the format of comprehension-type questions. In the exam, candidates will be assessed based on multiple-choice type questions, which will be asked from the comprehension passages made available for the candidate.

Candidates should read each section of the comprehension passage to answer the questions correctly. Candidates should also expect diagram-based questions in the area of maths and logical reasoning.

Aspirants can also refer to the links given below to prepare for the Common Law Admission Test:

Logical Reasoning – Topics, Examples & Questions Verbal Ability – List of Topics for Competitive Exams
10 Maths Tricks & Shortcuts List of Static GK Topics
Computer Knowledge – Topics & Questions Law Syllabus

CLAT exam syllabus – What To Study?

Candidates can refer to the tips shared below to understand what they should study for each section in the CLAT exam.

English language:

Candidates will have to answer comprehension passage-based questions drawn from fiction and non-fiction writings and test the ability to draw conclusions and identify the candidate’s strength relating to the meaning of words and phrases.

Aspirants must note the following aspects of the English language section:

  • Passages of about 450 words will be provided
  • Passages will be derived from contemporary or historically important fiction and nonfiction writing
  • Each passage will be followed by questions to evaluate the following skills and abilities of candidates related to the passage:
    • Comprehension and language skills
    • Ability to comprehend the main point, arguments and viewpoints
    • Ability to draw inferences and conclusions
    • Ability to summarise the passage
    • Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints
    • Understand the meaning of different phrases and words

General Knowledge

Candidates should expect static general knowledge questions and current affairs from various news, journal sources, and non-fiction writing as a pert of general knowledge in CLAT exam syllabus. In addition, it is recommended that candidates study newspapers and relevant sources about arts and culture, contemporary events, historical events, and more.

Aspirants must note the following aspects of the Current affairs section exam:

  • Passages of about 450 words will be given
  • Passages will be obtained from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing
  • Questions may try to examine the legal information or knowledge given in or related to the passage
  • Candidates need to show their awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including:
    • Arts and Culture
    • International affairs
    • Historical events of continuing significance.
    • Contemporary events of significance from India and the world

Legal Reasoning

Candidates should expect questions based on factual situations and scenarios which involve legal matters and public policy. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the bare acts of the Indian Constitution and refer to various newspapers and websites for information about legal matters.

For legal reasoning, aspirants must note the following:

  • Passages of about 450 words will be provided
  • Passages pertaining to “fact situations or scenarios” involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries may be asked
  • Questions on the passage may require candidates to :
    • Identify and infer the rules and principles
    • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations
    • Understand how changes to the principles may alter their application to various fact situations

Logical Reasoning

Passages will be based on puzzles, diagrams, arguments, and more. The section will aim to assess the candidate’s ability to understand premises and draw conclusions, analyze patterns of reasoning and apply new inferences across situations. Candidates can expect passage related question of around 300 words.

Questions related to the passage will require candidates to:

  • Identify an argument, its premises and conclusions
  • Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence
  • Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations

Quantitative Techniques

The section aims to test the candidate on various facts and propositions, textual, pictorial, and diagrammatic representation of numerical data, and more. In addition, it is necessary to study ratios and proportions, introductory algebra, and menstruation in this area.

As per the CLAT syllabus 2023, at the post-graduate level, candidates should prepare for topics from criminal law, administrative law, company law, and more such issues. Therefore, this paper will have only one section which will not be descriptive. A total of 100 questions will be asked and each question will carry one mark.

The CLAT exam at both levels will be conducted for 2 hours in offline mode and a penalty will be levied for each incorrect answer for 0.25 marks.

For the best preparation strategy for competitive exams, candidates can visit the linked article.

Furthermore, candidates looking for the latest exam updates, study material and preparation tips, can visit BYJU’S for assistance.

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