How did the Marathas rise to power?

The following reasons were responsible for the rise of the Maratha:

  • The efforts of the Maratha king Shivaji were crucial in fostering a Maratha kingdom that would resist Mughal expansion in the Deccan region
  • Following the death of Aurangzeb, the Mughal Empire went into a period of rapid decline which provided ample opportunity for the Marathas to fill in the power vacuum.
  • The Marathas made extensive use of light cavalry which made them a dangerous foe to their enemies on the battlefield.
  • The decentralised nature of the Maratha administration made the effective governance of their realm an easy affair.

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