What are Directive Principles of State Policy?

  • The Constitution of India aims to establish not only political democracy but also socioeconomic justice for the people to establish a welfare state. With this purpose in mind, our Constitution lays down desirable principles and guidelines in Part IV.
  • These provisions are known as the Directive Principle of State Policy. Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) aim at ensuring socio-economic justice to the people and establishing India as a Welfare State.
  • Directive Principles of State Policy are in the form of instructions/guidelines to the governments at the centre as well as states. Though these principles are non-justiciable, they are fundamental in the governance of the country.
  • The idea of Directive Principles of State Policy has been taken from the Irish Republic. They were incorporated in our Constitution in order to provide economic justice and to avoid the concentration of wealth in the hands of a few people.

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