What are the major causes of conflicts over water?

Many inter-state river-water disputes have erupted since independence. On the face of it, inter-state water disputes involve issues of:

  • Allocation of waters between different states;
  • Apportionment of construction costs and benefits if a project is developed jointly by more than one state;
  • Compensation to the states prejudicially affected by the implementation of a project by another state;
  • Dispute settlement relating to the interpretation of agreements and;
  • Excess withdrawals by a state. 

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