What are the sources of water pollution?

The most significant sources of water pollution are :

  • Sewage (Waste Water):The sewage water carries pathogens, a typical water pollutant, other harmful bacterias, and chemicals that can cause serious health problems and thereby diseases.
  • Agricultural Pollution: Chemical fertilizers and pesticides are used by farmers to protect crops from insects and bacterias. However, when these chemicals are mixed up with water, they produce harmful pollutants for plants and animals.
  • Oil Pollution: Oil spill poses a huge threat to marine life when a large amount of oil spills into the sea and does not dissolve in water. It causes problems for local marine wildlife, including fish, birds, and sea otters.
  • Industrial Waste: Industries produce a tremendous amount of waste, which contains toxic chemicals and pollutants, causing air pollution and damage to our environment and us.
  • The burning of fossil fuels: Fossil fuels like coal and oil, when burnt, produce a substantial amount of ash in the atmosphere. The particles which contain toxic chemicals when mixed with water vapour result in acid rain.
  • River dumping and Marine Dumping: The garbage produced by households in the form of paper, plastic, food, aluminium, rubber, glass, is collected and dumped into the rivers and seas., they not only cause water pollution but also harm aquatic animals.

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