Within the environment there are two different types of ecological niche, They are –
- Fundamental Niche – This type implies the range of different conditions in which organisms can live and reproduce their species. In spite of the different conditions, sometimes fighting to dominate the territory produces a competition between two same species known as interspecific competition, which gives the strongest the highest hierarchy.
- Effective niche – This is the part of the ecological niche occupied by competing species. The place’s resources are usually responsible for this competition. When there is a reduction in interspecific competition, species are able to explore more areas within the niche than they were previously unable to investigate, and this results in an effective niche widening.