What are the types of Ecological Niche?

Within the environment there are two different types of ecological niche, They are – 

  1. Fundamental Niche – This type implies the range of different conditions in which organisms can live and reproduce their species. In spite of the different conditions, sometimes fighting to dominate the territory produces a competition between two same species known as interspecific competition, which gives the strongest the highest hierarchy.
  2. Effective niche – This is the part of the ecological niche occupied by competing species. The place’s resources are usually responsible for this competition. When there is a reduction in interspecific competition, species are able to explore more areas within the niche than they were previously unable to investigate, and this results in an effective niche widening.

Further Readings-

  1. Importance of Biodiversity
  2. Destruction of Ecosystem

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