What are the types of human settlements?

Human settlements can broadly be divided into two types – rural and urban.

Rural settlements: Rural settlements are most closely and directly related to land. They are dominated by primary activities such as agriculture, animal husbandry, fishing etc. The settlements size is relatively small. 

Urban Settlements: Rapid urban growth is a recent phenomenon. Until recent times, few settlements reached the population size of more than a few thousand inhabitants.

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