What is Article 23?

Article 23 talks about “Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour”. 

Article 23(1): Traffic in human beings and begar and other similar forms of forced labour are prohibited and any contravention of this provision shall be an offence punishable in accordance with law

Article 23(2): Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from imposing compulsory service for public purpose, and in imposing such service the State shall not make any discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste or class or any of them.

  • Traffic in human beings means selling and buying of human beings as material goods. Trafficking, especially of young women, girls and even boys is continuing as illegal trade. 
  • Earlier especially in feudal Indian society, people belonging to the poor and downtrodden sections were made to do work free of charge for landlords and other powerful people. This practice was Begar or forced labour.

Further Reading:

 

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