What is Article 370 and 35A?

Article 370 under Part XXI empowers Jammu & Kashmir to have its own constitution. It grants autonomous status to J&K. It restricts Parliament’s legislative powers in respect of J&K. 

Article 35A, incorporated into the Constitution in 1954, provides special rights and privileges to the citizens of the state. Article 35A gives the Jammu & Kashmir Legislature full discretionary power to decide who the ‘permanent residents’ of the state are. In other words, it grants such powers to J&K including the power to restrict settlement to the state and acquire immovable property. 

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