As per Reserve Bank of India (RBI), a ‘non-performing asset’ (NPA) was defined as a credit facility in respect of which the interest and/ or instalment of principal has remained ‘past due’ for a specified period of time. You can read about the Non Performing Assets (NPA) – What is the meaning of NPA? [UPSC Economics Notes] in the given link.
When an asset fails to generate income for the bank, that asset becomes a non performing asset (NPA).
- RBI – Reserve Bank of India [UPSC Indian Economy Notes]
- Bad Banks – Idea Proposed by Indian Banking Association (IBA) Due to COVID-19