What is the main reason for man and wildlife conflict?

Human-wildlife conflict is fast becoming a critical threat to the survival of many endangered species, like wild buffalo, elephants, tigers, lions, leopards etc. such conflicts affect not only its population but also has broadened environmental impacts on ecosystem equilibrium and biodiversity conservation. The main reasons of this conflict are:

  1. India’s road network is expanding at a high scale due to the expanding economy and increase in vehicular traffic. The speeding vehicles tend to cause great loss of wildlife
  2. Another key reason for human-animal conflict is the encroachment of human beings in wildlife habitats for development purposes & survival purposes as well as allowing livestock for grazing purposes in the forest area, forest fire

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