The main aim of the Citizenship Amendment Act, 2019 is to give Indian citizenship to illegal migrants of 6 communities i.e. Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Christian, Parsi, and Jain that belong to Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. In other words, the Act intends to make it easier for persecuted people from India’s neighbouring countries to become citizens of India.
- The amendment relaxes the requirement of naturalization from 11 years to 5 years as a specific condition for applicants belonging to these six religions.
- The applicants should have entered India on or before December 31, 2014.
- The Act also provides that the central government may cancel the registration of OCIs on certain grounds.