What is the role of Central Vigilance Commission?

The role and functions of CVOs have been broadly divided into two parts. They are

Preventive side:

  • To examine in detail the existing Rules and procedures of the Organisation with a view to eliminate or minimise the scope for corruption or malpractices;
  • To identify the sensitive/corruption prone spots in the Organisation and keep an eye on personnel posted in such areas;
  • To plan and enforce surprise inspections and regular inspections to detect the system failures and existence of corruption or malpractices;
  • To maintain proper surveillance on officers of doubtful integrity; and
  • To ensure prompt observance of Conduct Rules relating to integrity of the Officers.

Punitive side:

  • To ensure speedy processing of vigilance cases at all stages.
  • To ensure that the processing of the Enquiry Officer’s Reports for final orders of the Disciplinary Authority is done properly and quickly;
  • To scrutinise final orders passed by the Disciplinary Authorities subordinate to the Ministry/Department, with a view to see whether a case for review is made out or not;
  • To see that proper assistance is given to the C.B.I. in the investigation of cases entrusted to them or started by them on their own source of information;
  • To take proper and adequate action with regard to writ petitions filed by accused officers;
  • To ensure that the competent disciplinary authorities do not adopt a dilatory or law attitude in processing vigilance cases, thus knowingly otherwise helping the subject public servants, particularly in cases of officers due to retire;
  • To ensure that cases against the public servants on the verge of retirement do not lapse due to time-limit for reasons such as misplacement of files etc. and that the orders passed in the cases of retiring officers are implemented in time;
  • To ensure that the period from the date of serving a charge-sheet in a disciplinary case to the submission of the report of the Inquiry Officer, should, ordinarily, not exceed six months.

Further Reading:

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