What is the role of the centre in a federal system?

The principle on which the founding fathers’ divided powers between the centre and the states was that the division of powers must be in consonance with the distribution of responsibilities.

The centre has been assigned the important roles of:

  • Nation-building and nation preserving; 
  • Maintaining and protecting national unity and integrity; and
  • Maintaining constitutional political order throughout the union of India. 

The states have been assigned only those subjects which are purely local in nature. Besides, having autonomy of legislation, regulation and execution of the subjects assigned to it, the states are expected to coordinate, cooperate and execute the policies of union especially with regard to those belonging to the nation-building aspect. 

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