Who defeated the Umayyads in India?

The Arab Umayyads carried further military campaigns in India after the conquest of Sindh in 712 AD. Major arab expeditions were defeated by:

  • King Nagabhata I of the Pratihara dynasty
  • King Vikramaditya II of the Chalukya dynasty

A major Umayyad naval expedition was defeated by a Saindhava naval fleet under Agguka I. The Arab defeats led to an end of their eastward expansion, with Sindh becoming their furthest extent.

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