Why did the Planning Commission introduce target area and target group approaches to planning in India?

The economic development of a region depends upon its resource base. But sometimes resource-rich regions also remain backward. Economic development also requires technology as well as investment besides the resource. With the planning experience of about one and half decades, it was realised that regional imbalances in economic development were getting accentuated. In order to arrest the accentuation of regional and social disparities, the Planning Commission introduced the ‘target area’ and target group approaches to planning. Some of the examples of programmes directed towards the development of target areas are 

  • Command Area Development Programme 
  • Drought Prone Area Development Programme
  • Desert Development Programme
  • Hill Area Development Programme
  • The Small Farmers Development Agency (SFDA) 
  • Marginal Farmers Development Agency (MFDA) 

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